Astrophys. J., 856, 129-129 (2018/April-1)
Seeing red in NGC 1978, NGC 55, and NGC 3109.
Abstract (from CDS):
Spectra of the intermediate-age star cluster NGC 1978 and the dwarf irregular galaxies NGC 55 and NGC 3109 are discussed. The spectra were recorded with the Gemini Multi-object Spectrograph on Gemini South and span the 0.7-1.1 µm wavelength interval. Five slit pointings were observed in NGC 1978, and these are used to examine stochastic effects on the integrated red light from an intermediate-age cluster. The removal of either the brightest M giant or the brightest C star from the co-added spectrum has minor effects on the equivalent withs of the Ca triplet. The most robust signature of C stars in the integrated cluster spectrum at these wavelengths is the CN band head near 7900 Å. The equivalent widths of Ca triplet lines in the NGC 1978 spectrum and in the spectra of individual cluster stars are larger than expected for a scaled-solar abundance system. It is suggested that these stars have a lower than expected surface gravity, which might occur if the stars in NGC 1978 have been subject to extra mixing processes, as suggested by Lederer et al. The near-infrared color profile of NGC 1978 is shown to contain a prominent red cusp in the central 10 arcsec, and the suppression of light from this cusp does not affect the depth of the Ca lines in the integrated spectrum. The NGC 55 spectra run parallel to the major axis, and a gradient is found in the strength of the Ca lines, in the sense that the Ca lines weaken with increasing distance from the disk plane. Comparisons with models suggest that the disk light is dominated by stars with ages 1-2 Gyr, in agreement with star-forming histories (SFHs) obtained from the analysis of color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). The NGC 55 spectra also sample a large star-forming complex. The age of this complex inferred from comparisons with models is broadly consistent with that estimated from a near-infrared CMD of the same region. The CN band head at 7900 Å in this part of NGC 55 is detected, but this is likely a signature of red supergiants (RSGs) rather than C stars. The NGC 3109 observations sample three different parts of that galaxy but have a low signal-to-noise ratio. Comparisons with models suggest that the light from the NGC 3109 disk at red wavelengths is dominated by RSGs with ages of at most a few tens of Myr, in qualitative agreement with SFHs that are based on photometric measurements.
© 2018. Canadian 2017 Crown copyright.
galaxies: individual: NGC 55 and NGC 3109 - galaxies: stellar content - globular clusters: individual: NGC 1978
Status in Simbad:
Table 5: stars P1-01 and P2-02 are not in SIMBAD.
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