Flux relaxation after two outbursts of the magnetar SGR 1627-41 and possible hard X-ray emission.
AN H., CUMMING A. and KASPI V.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on the long-term flux relaxation of the magnetar SGR 1627-41 after its 2008 outburst, and evidence for hard X-ray excess measured with NuSTAR. We use new observations made with Chandra and XMM-Newton, and an archival NuSTAR observation, which add flux measurements at ∼2000 days into quiescence after the 2008 outburst. We find that the source flux has further declined since the last measurement made in 2011, ∼1000 days after the outburst in 2008. This trend is similar to the relaxation after the source's 1998 outburst. We use crustal cooling models to reproduce the flux relaxation; if the whole surface of the star is heated in the outbursts, the modeling suggests that the 2008 outburst of SGR 1627-41 deposited energy into the inner crust and that the core temperature of SGR 1627-41 is low (Tc <= 108 K), as previously suggested. On the other hand, if only a small fraction of the surface is heated or the temperature in the crust reached the melting temperature, relaxation at early times requires another emission mechanism. Finally, we report on evidence for hard X-ray emission in SGR 1627-41 that follows the observational correlation suggested by Kaspi & Boydstun in magnetars.