Astrophys. J., 860, 91-91 (2018/June-3)
The lives of stars: insights from the TGAS-RAVE-LAMOST data set.
VICKERS J.J. and SMITH M.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper, we investigate how the chemical and kinematic properties of stars vary as a function of age. Using data from a variety of photometric, astrometric, and spectroscopic surveys, we calculate the ages, phase space information, and orbits for ∼125,000 stars covering a wide range of stellar parameters. We find indications that the inner regions of the disk reached high levels of enrichment early, while the outer regions were more substantially enriched in intermediate and recent epochs. We consider these enrichment histories through comparison of the ages of stars, their metallicities, and kinematic properties, such as their angular momentum in the solar neighborhood (which is a proxy for orbital radius). We calculate rates at which the velocity dispersions evolve, investigate the Oort constants for populations of different ages (finding a slightly negative ∂VC/∂R and ∂VR/∂R for all ages, which is most negative for the oldest stars), as well as examine the behavior of the deviation angle of the velocity vertex as a function of age (which we find to fall from ∼15° for the 2 Gyr old population to ∼6° at around 6.5 Gyr of age, after which it remains unchanged). We find evidence for stellar churning, and find that the churned stars have a slightly younger age distribution than the rest of the data.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Galaxy: disk - Galaxy: evolution - Galaxy: formation - Galaxy: general - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - stars: kinematics and dynamics
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