Astrophys. J., 860, 164-164 (2018/June-3)
The orbit and origin of the ultra-faint dwarf galaxy Segue 1.
FRITZ T.K., LOKKEN M., KALLIVAYALIL N., WETZEL A., LINDEN S.T., ZIVICK P. and TOLLERUD E.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the first proper motion measurement for an ultra-faint dwarf spheroidal galaxy, Segue 1, using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the Large Binocular Camera (LBC) as the first and second epochs separated by a baseline of ∼10 years. We obtain a motion of µα cos(δ) = -0.37 ± 0.57 mas yr–1 and µδ = -3.39 ± 0.58 mas yr–1. Combining this with the known line-of-sight velocity, this corresponds to a Galactocentric Vrad = 84 ± 9 and Vtan=164–55+66 km s–1. Applying Milky Way halo masses of between 0.8 and 1.6 x 1012 M☉ results in an apocenter at 33.9–7.4+21.7 kpc and pericenter at 15.4–9.0+10.1 kpc from the Galactic center, indicating that Segue 1 is rather tightly bound to the Milky Way. Since neither the orbital pole of Segue 1 nor its distance to the Milky Way is similar to the more massive classical dwarfs, it is very unlikely that Segue 1 was once a satellite of a massive known galaxy. Using cosmological zoom-in simulations of Milky Way-mass galaxies, we identify subhalos on similar orbits as Segue 1, which imply the following orbital properties: a median first infall 8.1–4.3+3.6 Gyr ago, a median of four pericentric passages since then, and a pericenter of 22.8–4.8+4.7 kpc. This is slightly larger than the pericenter derived directly from Segue 1 and Milky Way parameters, because galaxies with a small pericenter are more likely to be destroyed. Of the surviving subhalo analogs, only 27% were previously a satellite of a more massive dwarf galaxy (that is now destroyed), thus Segue 1 is more likely to have been accreted on its own.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: individual: Segue 1 - Local Group - proper motions
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2018ApJ...860..164F and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu