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2018ApJ...861....5K - Astrophys. J., 861, 5-5 (2018/July-1)

The Mouse pulsar wind nebula.


Abstract (from CDS):

The young energetic pulsar J1747-2958 (τ = 26 kyr, {dot}E=2.5×1036 erg s–1) powers the Mouse pulsar wind nebula (PWN), famous for its spectacular tail spanning 45'' in X-rays and 12' in radio (d ∼ 5 kpc). We present the results of Chandra observations of the PWN and the analysis of archival lower-frequency data. The Chandra HRC image reveals a point-like source at the pulsar position, ≃1' behind the bow shock apex of the PWN. The flattened appearance of the compact nebula is consistent with an equatorial outflow deformed by the ram pressure, implying that the angle between the pulsar's spin axis and line of sight is ∼70° (in agreement with the radio and γ-ray pulse profiles). The spatially resolved spectroscopy with Chandra ACIS shows that the power-law (PL) spectrum steepens from Γ = 1.65 ± 0.02 to 3.0 ± 0.1 over the 45' extent of the X-ray tail. However, the tail's X-ray spectrum integrated over its 45'' length fits a single absorbed PL with Γ = 2.09 ± 0.03. We also found the Mouse PWN in 150 MHz GMRT data and a possible counterpart in 24 µm Spitzer data. The multiwavelength data suggest that, at low frequencies, the spectrum of the X-ray-emitting tail region can be described by a broken PL with at least one turnover between radio and X-rays. This is consistent with synchrotron cooling of electrons injected at the termination shock (with a spectral energy distribution slope of 2.2) with an equipartition magnetic field B ∼ 200 µG and a bulk flow speed v ∼ 4000 km s–1.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): pulsars: individual: PSR J1747-2958 - stars: neutron - X-rays: general

Simbad objects: 18

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