SIMBAD references

2018ApJ...861...72C - Astrophys. J., 861, 72-72 (2018/July-1)

ALMA resolves C I emission from the β Pictoris debris disk.

CATALDI G., BRANDEKER A., WU Y., CHEN C., DENT W., DE VRIES B.L., KAMP I., LISEAU R., OLOFSSON G., PANTIN E. and ROBERGE A.

Abstract (from CDS):

The debris disk around β Pictoris is known to contain gas. Previous ALMA observations revealed a CO belt at ∼85 au with a distinct clump, interpreted as a location of enhanced gas production. Photodissociation converts CO into C and O within ∼50 a. We resolve C I emission at 492 GHz using ALMA and study its spatial distribution. C I shows the same clump as seen for CO. This is surprising, as C is expected to quickly spread in azimuth. We derive a low C mass (between 5 x 10–4 and 3.1 x 10–3 M), indicating that gas production started only recently (within ∼5000 a). No evidence is seen for an atomic accretion disk inward of the CO belt, perhaps because the gas did not yet have time to spread radially. The fact that C and CO share the same asymmetry argues against a previously proposed scenario where the clump is due to an outward-migrating planet trapping planetesimals in a resonance, nor can the observations be explained by an eccentric planetesimal belt secularly forced by a planet. Instead, we suggest that the dust and gas disks should be eccentric. Such a configuration, we further speculate, might be produced by a recent tidal disruption event. Assuming that the disrupted body has had a CO mass fraction of 10%, its total mass would be >=3 MMoon.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - methods: observational - radiative transfer - stars: individual: beta Pictoris - submillimeter: planetary systems - techniques: interferometric

Simbad objects: 5

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2019.09.22-00:37:09

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