Astrophys. J., 866, 112-112 (2018/October-3)
A study of two diffuse dwarf galaxies in the field.
GRECO J.P., GOULDING A.D., GREENE J.E., STRAUSS M.A., HUANG S., KIM J.H. and KOMIYAMA Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present optical long-slit spectroscopy and far-ultraviolet to mid-infrared spectral energy distribution fitting of two diffuse dwarf galaxies, LSBG-285 and LSBG-750, which were recently discovered by the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (HSC-SSP). We measure redshifts using Hα line emission and find that these galaxies are at comoving distances of ≃25 and ≃41 Mpc, respectively, after correcting for the local velocity field. They have effective radii of reff = 1.2 and 1.8 kpc and stellar masses of M* ≃ (2-3) x 107 M☉. There are no massive galaxies (M*> 1010M☉) within a comoving separation of at least 1.5 Mpc from LSBG-285 and 2 Mpc from LSBG-750. These sources are similar in size and surface brightness to ultradiffuse galaxies, except they are isolated, star-forming objects that were optically selected in an environmentally blind survey. Both galaxies likely have low stellar metallicities [Z*/Z☉] < -1.0 and are consistent with the stellar mass-metallicity relation for dwarf galaxies. We set an upper limit on LSBG-750's rotational velocity of ∼50 km s–1, which is comparable to dwarf galaxies of similar stellar mass with estimated halo masses <1011 M☉. We find tentative evidence that the gas-phase metallicities in both of these diffuse systems are high for their stellar mass, though a statistically complete, optically selected galaxy sample at very low surface brightness will be necessary to place these results into context with the higher surface brightness galaxy population.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: general
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