Astrophys. J., 867, L15-L15 (2018/November-1)
A collection of new dwarf galaxies in NGC 5128's western halo.
TAYLOR M.A., EIGENTHALER P., PUZIA T.H., MUNOZ R.P., RIBBECK K.X., ZHANG H.-X., ORDENES-BRICENO Y. and BOVILL M.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the photometric properties of 16 dwarf galaxies, 15 of which are newly identified, in the Western halo of the nearby giant elliptical galaxy NGC 5128. All of the candidates are found at projected distances ∼100-225 kpc from their giant host, with luminosities-10.82 <= MV/mag <= -7.42 and effective radii 4'' <= reff <= 17'' (or 75 <= reff/pc <= 300 at the distance of NGC 5128). We compare them to other low-mass dwarf galaxies in the local universe and find that they populate the faint/compact extension of the size-luminosity relation that was previously not well-sampled by dwarf galaxies in the Centaurus A system, with optical colors similar to compact stellar systems like globular clusters and ultra-compact dwarf galaxies despite having much more diffuse morphologies. From optical u'g'r'i'z' photometry, stellar masses are estimated to be 5.17≤ log M*/M☉≤ 6.48, with colors that show them to fall redward of the dwarf galaxy mass-metallicity relation. These colors suggest star formation histories that require some mechanism that would give rise to extra metal enrichment such as primordial formation within the halos of their giant galaxy hosts, non-primordial star formation from previously enriched gas, or extended periods of star formation leading to self-enrichment. We also report the existence of at least two sub-groups of dwarf candidates, each subtending <=15' on the sky, corresponding to projected physical separations of 10-20 kpc. True physical associations of these groups, combined with their potentially extended star formation histories, would imply that they may represent dwarf galaxy groups in the early stage of interaction upon infall into a giant elliptical galaxy halo in the very nearby universe.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: individual: NGC 5128
Table 1: [TEP2018] dwHHMM+DDMM N=15.
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