Three-dimensional simulation of double detonations in the double-degenerate model for Type Ia supernovae and interaction of ejecta with a surviving white dwarf companion.
TANIKAWA A., NOMOTO K. and NAKASATO N.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the hydrodynamics and nucleosynthesis in the double-detonation model of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and the interaction between the ejecta and a surviving white dwarf (WD) companion in the double-degenerate scenario. We set up a binary star system with 1.0 and 0.6 M☉ carbon-oxygen (CO) WDs, where the primary WD consists of a CO core and helium (He) shell with 0.95 and 0.05 M☉, respectively. We follow the evolution of the binary star system from the initiation of an He detonation, ignition and propagation of a CO detonation, and the interaction of SN ejecta with the companion WD. The companion (or surviving) WD gets a flung-away velocity of ∼1700 km s–1 and captures 56Ni of ∼0.03 M☉ and He of 3×10–4M☉. Such He can be detected on the surface of surviving WDs. The SN ejecta contains a "companion-origin stream" and unburned materials stripped from the companion WD (∼3×10–3M☉), although the stream compositions would depend on the He shell mass of the companion WD. The ejecta has also a velocity shift of ∼1000 km s–1 due to the binary motion of the exploding primary WD. These features would be prominent in nebular-phase spectra of oxygen emission lines from the unburned materials like SN 2010lp and iPTF14atg and of blue- or redshifted Fe-group emission lines from the velocity shift like a part of subluminous SNe Ia. We expect that SN Ia counterparts to the D6 model would leave these fingerprints for SN Ia observations.