Astrophys. J., 868, 95-95 (2018/December-1)
ALMA observations of HCN and HCO+ outflows in the merging galaxy NGC 3256.
MICHIYAMA T., IONO D., SLIWA K., BOLATTO A., NAKANISHI K., UEDA J., SAITO T., ANDO M., YAMASHITA T. and YUN M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report ∼2'' resolution Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations of the HCN (1-0), HCO+ (1-0), CO (1-0), CO (2-1), and CO (3-2) lines toward the nearby merging double-nucleus galaxy NGC 3256. We find that the high-density gas outflow traced in HCN (1-0) and HCO+ (1-0) emission is colocated with the diffuse molecular outflow emanating from the southern nucleus, where a low-luminosity active galactic nucleus (AGN) is believed to be the dominant source of the far-infrared luminosity. On the other hand, the same lines were undetected in the outflow region associated with the northern nucleus, whose primary heating source is likely related to starburst activity without obvious signs of an AGN. Both the HCO+ (1-0)/CO (1-0) line ratio (i.e., dense gas fraction) and the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) line ratio are larger in the southern outflow (0.20 ± 0.04 and 1.3 ± 0.2, respectively) than in the southern nucleus (0.08 ± 0.01 and 0.7 ± 0.1, respectively). By investigating these line ratios for each velocity component in the southern outflow, we find that the dense gas fraction increases and the CO (3-2)/CO (1-0) line ratio decreases toward the largest velocity offset. This suggests the existence of a two-phase (diffuse and clumpy) outflow. One possible scenario to produce such a two-phase outflow is an interaction between the jet and the interstellar medium, which possibly triggers shocks and/or star formation associated with the outflow.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society.
galaxies: individual: NGC 3256 - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: irregular - galaxies: starburst - ISM: jets and outflows - submillimeter: galaxies
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