Astrophys. J., 869, 73-73 (2018/December-2)
Dark molecular gas in simulations of z ∼ 0 disk galaxies.
LI Q., NARAYANAN D., DAVE R. and KRUMHOLZ M.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The H2 mass of molecular clouds has traditionally been traced by the CO(J = 1-0) rotational transition line. This said, CO is relatively easily photodissociated and can also be destroyed by cosmic rays, thus rendering some fraction of molecular gas to be "CO-dark." We investigate the amount and physical properties of CO-dark gas in two z ∼ 0 disk galaxies and develop predictions for the expected intensities of promising alternative tracers ([C I] 609 µm and [C II] 158 µm emission). We do this by combining cosmological zoom simulations of disk galaxies with thermal-radiative-chemical equilibrium interstellar medium (ISM) calculations to model the predicted H I and H2 abundances and CO (J = 1-0), [C I] 609 µm, and [C II] 158 µm emission properties. Our model treats the ISM as a collection of radially stratified clouds whose properties are dictated by their volume and column densities, the gas-phase metallicity, and the interstellar radiation field (ISRF) and CR ionization rates. Our main results follow. Adopting an observationally motivated definition of CO-dark gas, i.e., H2 gas with WCO < 0.1 K km s–1, we find that a significant amount (>=50%) of the total H2 mass lies in CO-dark gas, most of which is diffuse gas, poorly shielded due to low dust column density. The CO-dark molecular gas tends to be dominated by [C II], though [C I] also serves as a bright tracer of the dark gas in many instances. At the same time, [C II] also tends to trace neutral atomic gas. As a result, when we quantify the conversion factors for the three carbon-based tracers of molecular gas, we find that [C I] suffers the least contamination from diffuse atomic gas and is relatively insensitive to secondary parameters.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
astrochemistry - galaxies: ISM - ISM: molecules - methods: numerical
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