Astrophys. J., 869, 105-105 (2018/December-3)
Detection of a star-forming galaxy in the center of a low-mass galaxy cluster.
BOGDAN A., LOVISARI L., KOVACS O.E., ANDRADE-SANTOS F., JONES C., FORMAN W.R. and KRAFT R.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Brightest Cluster Galaxies (BCGs) residing in the centers of galaxy clusters are typically quenched giant ellipticals. A recent study hinted that star-forming galaxies with large disks, so-called superluminous spirals and lenticulars, are the BCGs of a subset of galaxy clusters. Based on the existing optical data it was not possible to constrain whether the superluminous disk galaxies reside at the center of galaxy clusters. In this work, we utilize XMM-Newton X-ray observations of five galaxy clusters to map the morphology of the ICM, characterize the galaxy clusters, determine the position of the cluster center, and measure the offset between the cluster center and the superluminous disk galaxies. We demonstrate that one superluminous lenticular galaxy, 2MASX J10405643-0103584, resides at the center of a low-mass (M500 = 1014 M☉) galaxy cluster. This represents the first conclusive evidence that a superluminous disk galaxy is the central BCG of a galaxy cluster. We speculate that the progenitor of 2MASX J10405643-0103584 was an elliptical galaxy, whose extended disk was re-formed due to the merger of galaxies. We exclude the possibility that the other four superluminous disk galaxies reside at the center of galaxy clusters, as their projected distance from the cluster center is 150-1070 kpc, which corresponds to (0.27-1.18)R500. We conclude that these clusters host quiescent massive elliptical galaxies at their center.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: spiral - X-rays: general
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