Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 235, 11-11 (2018/March-0)
The associated absorption features in quasar spectra of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. I. Mg II absorption doublets.
CHEN Z.-F., HUANG W.-R., PANG T.-T., HUANG H.-Y., PAN D.-S., YAO M., NONG W.-J. and LU M.-M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using the SDSS spectra of quasars included in the DR7Q or DR12Q catalogs, we search for Mg II λλ2796, 2803 narrow absorption doublets in the spectra data around Mg II λ2798 emission lines. We obtain 17,316 Mg II doublets, within the redshift range of 0.3299 <= zabs <= 2.5663. We find that a velocity offset of υr < 6000 km s–1 is a safe boundary to constrain the vast majority of associated Mg II systems, although we find some doublets at υr > 6000 km s–1. If associated Mg II absorbers are defined by υr < 6000 km s–1, ∼33.3% of the absorbers are supposed to be contaminants of intervening systems. Removing the 33.3% contaminants, ∼4.5% of the quasars present at least one associated Mg II system with Wr^λ2796^≥ 0.2Å. The fraction of associated Mg II systems with high-velocity outflows correlates with the average luminosities of their central quasars, indicating a relationship between outflows and the quasar feedback power. The υr distribution of the outflow Mg II absorbers is peaked at 1023 km s–1, which is smaller than the corresponding value of the outflow C IV absorbers. The redshift number density evolution of absorbers (dn/dz) limited by υr > -3000 km s–1 differs from that of absorbers constrained by υr > 2000 km s–1. Absorbers limited by υr > 2000 km s–1 and higher values exhibit profiles similar to dn/dz. In addition, the dn/dz is smaller when absorbers are constrained with larger υr. The distributions of equivalent widths, and the ratio of Wr^λ2796/Wr_^λ2803^, are the same for associated and intervening systems, and independent of quasar luminosity.
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catalogs - galaxies: halos - line: identification - quasars: absorption lines
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