Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 237, 15-15 (2018/July-0)
Forward asteroseismic modeling of stars with a convective core from gravity-mode oscillations: parameter estimation and stellar model selection.
AERTS C., MOLENBERGHS G., MICHIELSEN M., PEDERSEN M.G., BJORKLUND R., JOHNSTON C., MOMBARG J.S.G., BOWMAN D.M., BUYSSCHAERT B., PAPICS P.I., SEKARAN S., SUNDQVIST J.O., TKACHENKO A., TRUYAERT K., VAN REETH T. and VERMEYEN E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We propose a methodological framework to perform forward asteroseismic modeling of stars with a convective core, based on gravity-mode oscillations. These probe the near-core region in the deep stellar interior. The modeling relies on a set of observed high-precision oscillation frequencies of low-degree coherent gravity modes with long lifetimes and their observational uncertainties. Identification of the mode degree and azimuthal order is assumed to be achieved from rotational splitting and/or from period spacing patterns. This paper has two major outcomes. The first is a comprehensive list and discussion of the major uncertainties of theoretically predicted gravity-mode oscillation frequencies based on linear pulsation theory, caused by fixing choices of the input physics for evolutionary models. Guided by a hierarchy among these uncertainties of theoretical frequencies, we subsequently provide a global methodological scheme to achieve forward asteroseismic modeling. We properly take into account correlations among the free parameters included in stellar models. Aside from the stellar mass, metallicity, and age, the major parameters to be estimated are the near-core rotation rate, the amount of convective core overshooting, and the level of chemical mixing in the radiative zones. This modeling scheme allows for maximum likelihood estimation of the stellar parameters for fixed input physics of the equilibrium models, followed by stellar model selection considering various choices of the input physics. Our approach uses the Mahalanobis distance instead of the often-used χ2 statistic and includes heteroscedasticity. It provides estimation of the unknown variance of the theoretically predicted oscillation frequencies.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
asteroseismology - methods: statistical - stars: interiors - stars: massive - stars: oscillations including pulsations - stars: rotation
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