Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 474, 1342-1360 (2018)
The most massive black holes on the Fundamental Plane of black hole accretion.
MEZCUA M., HLAVACEK-LARRONDO J., LUCEY J.R., HOGAN M.T., EDGE A.C. and McNAMARA B.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We perform a detailed study of the location of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) on the Fundamental Plane of black hole (BH) accretion, which is an empirical correlation between a BH X-ray and radio luminosity and mass supported by theoretical models of accretion. The sample comprises 72 BCGs out to z ∼ 0.3 and with reliable nuclear X-ray and radio luminosities. These are found to correlate as LX ∝LR^0.75 ±0.08^, favouring an advection-dominated accretion flow as the origin of the X-ray emission. BCGs are found to be on average offset from the Fundamental Plane such that their BH masses seem to be underestimated by the MBH-MK relation a factor ∼10. The offset is not explained by jet synchrotron cooling and is independent of emission process or amount of cluster gas cooling. Those core-dominated BCGs are found to be more significantly offset than those with weak core radio emission. For BCGs to on average follow the Fundamental Plane, a large fraction ( ∼ 40 per cent) should have BH masses >1010 M☉ and thus host ultramassive BHs. The local BH-galaxy scaling relations would not hold for these extreme objects. The possible explanations for their formation, either via a two-phase process (the BH formed first, the galaxy grows later) or as descendants of high-z seed BHs, challenge the current paradigm of a synchronized galaxy-BH growth.