Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 478, 568-574 (2018/July-3)
Broad absorption line symbiotic stars: highly ionized species in the fast outflow from MWC 560.
LUCY A.B., KNIGGE C. and SOKOLOSKI J.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
In symbiotic binaries, jets and disc winds may be integral to the physics of accretion on to white dwarfs from cool giants. The persistent outflow from symbiotic star MWC 560 (≡V694 Mon) is known to manifest as broad absorption lines (BALs), most prominently at the Balmer transitions. We report the detection of high-ionization BALs from C IV, Si IV, N V, and He II in International Ultraviolet Explorer spectra obtained on 1990 April 29-30, when an optical outburst temporarily erased the obscuring 'iron curtain' of absorption troughs from Fe II and similar ions. The C IV and Si IV BALs reached maximum radial velocities at least 1000 km s–1 higher than contemporaneous Mg II and He II BALs; the same behaviours occur in the winds of quasars and cataclysmic variables. An iron curtain lifts to unveil high-ionization BALs during the P Cygni phase observed in some novae, suggesting by analogy a temporary switch in MWC 560 from persistent outflow to discrete mass ejection. At least three more symbiotic stars exhibit broad absorption with blue edges faster than 1500 km s–1; high-ionization BALs have been reported in AS 304 (≡V4018 Sgr), while transient Balmer BALs have been reported in Z And and CH Cyg. These BAL-producing fast outflows can have wider opening angles than has been previously supposed. BAL symbiotics are short-time-scale laboratories for their giga-scale analogues, broad absorption line quasars (BALQSOs), which display a similarly wide range of ionization states in their winds.
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
accretion, accretion discs - binaries: symbiotic - stars: individual: (MWC 560, AS 304) - stars: winds, outflows - quasars: absorption lines
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