Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 478, 3793-3808 (2018/August-2)
Simulations of the flocculent spiral M33: what drives the spiral structure?
DOBBS C.L., PETTITT A.R., CORBELLI E. and PRINGLE J.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We perform simulations of isolated galaxies in order to investigate the likely origin of the spiral structure in M33. In our models, we find that gravitational instabilities in the stars and gas are able to reproduce the observed spiral pattern and velocity field of M33, as seen in HI, and no interaction is required. We also find that the optimum models have high levels of stellar feedback which create large holes similar to those observed in M33, while lower levels of feedback tend to produce a large amount of small-scale structure, and undisturbed long filaments of high surface density gas, hardly detected in the M33 disc. The gas component appears to have a significant role in producing the structure, so if there is little feedback, both the gas and stars organize into clear spiral arms, likely due to a lower combined Q (using gas and stars), and the ready ability of cold gas to undergo spiral shocks. By contrast models with higher feedback have a weaker spiral structure, especially in the stellar component, compared to grand-design galaxies. We did not see a large difference in the behaviour of Qstars with most of these models, however, because Qstars stayed relatively constant unless the disc was more strongly unstable. Our models suggest that although the stars produce some underlying spiral structure, this is relatively weak, and the gas physics has a considerable role in producing the large-scale structure of the ISM in flocculent spirals.
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: individual: M33 - ISM: general - galaxies: spiral
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