Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 478, 5050-5055 (2018/August-3)
Stripped-envelope supernova SN 2004dk is now interacting with hydrogen-rich circumstellar material.
MAUERHAN J.C., FILIPPENKO A.V., ZHENG W., BRINK T.G., GRAHAM M.L., SHIVVERS I. and CLUBB K.I.
Abstract (from CDS):
The dominant mechanism and time-scales over which stripped-envelope supernovae (SNe) progenitor stars shed their hydrogen envelopes are uncertain. Observations of Type Ib and Ic SNe at late phases could reveal the optical signatures of interaction with distant circumstellar material (CSM) providing important clues on the origin of the necessary pre-SN mass-loss. We report deep late-time optical spectroscopy of the Type Ib explosion SN 2004dk 4684 d (13 yr) after discovery. We detect strong H α emission with an intermediate line width of ∼400 km s–1 and luminosity ∼2.5 x 1039 erg s–1, signaling that the SN blast wave has caught up with the hydrogen-rich CSM lost by the progenitor system. The line luminosity is the highest ever reported for an SN at this late stage. Prominent emission features of He I, Fe, and Ca are also detected. The spectral characteristics are consistent with CSM energized by the forward shock, and resemble the late-time spectra of the persistently interacting Type IIn SNe 2005ip and 1988Z. We suggest that the onset of interaction with H-rich CSM was associated with a previously reported radio rebrightening at ∼1700 d. The data indicate that the mode of pre-SN mass-loss was a relatively slow dense wind that persisted millennia before the SN, followed by a short-lived Wolf-Rayet phase that preceded core-collapse and created a cavity within an extended distribution of CSM. We also present new spectra of SNe 2014C, PTF11iqb, and 2009ip, all of which also exhibit continued interaction with extended CSM distributions.
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
supernovae: general - supernovae: individual: (SN 2004dk)
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