Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 479, 844-864 (2018/September-1)
Science from a glimpse: Hubble SNAPshot observations of massive galaxy clusters.
REPP A. and EBELING H.
Abstract (from CDS):
Hubble Space Telescope SNAPshot surveys of 86 X-ray-selected galaxy clusters at 0.3 < z < 0.5 from the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS) sample have proven invaluable for the exploration of a wide range of astronomical research topics. We here present an overview of the four MACS SNAPshot surveys conducted from Cycle 14 to Cycle 20 as part of a long-term effort aimed at identifying exceptional cluster targets for in-depth follow-up by the extragalactic community. We also release redshifts and X-ray luminosities of all clusters observed as part of this initiative. To illustrate the power of SNAPshot observations of MACS clusters, we explore several aspects of galaxy evolution illuminated by the images obtained for these programmes. We confirm the high lensing efficiency of X-ray-selected clusters at z > 0.3. Examining the evolution of the slope of the cluster red sequence, we observe at best a slight decrease with redshift, indicating minimal age contribution since z ∼ 1. Congruent to previous studies' findings, we note that the two brightest cluster galaxies that are significantly bluer (5σ) than their clusters' red sequences reside in relaxed clusters and exhibit pronounced internal structure. Thanks to our targets' high X-ray luminosity, the subset of our sample observed with Chandra adds valuable leverage to the X-ray luminosity-optical richness relation, which, albeit with substantial scatter, is now clearly established from groups to extremely massive clusters of galaxies. We conclude that SNAPshot observations of MACS clusters stand to continue to play a vital pathfinder role for astrophysical investigations across the entire electromagnetic spectrum.