SIMBAD references

2018MNRAS.480.2137S - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 480, 2137-2143 (2018/October-3)

Stellar activity of evolved, cool giants - old questions revisited.

SCHRODER K.-P., SCHMITT J., MITTAG M., GOMEZ TREJO V. and JACK D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present an empirical study of the strength of magnetic stellar activity among cool giant stars on the red and asymptotic giant branches using the Ca II H&K chromospheric emission strength measured in the context of the Mount Wilson project. Because we consider only stars with a parallax error smaller than 10 per cent, the stars can be accurately placed into an empirical Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and their evolutionary status can be reliably assessed from a comparison with calibrated evolutionary tracks. We find that S-index values among evolved giants redder than 1.5 in B - V and with luminosity classes I and II are larger than those found among the progenitor K giants with luminosity class III and B - V < 1.3. Converting the measured S-indices into physical chromospheric surface fluxes, we find that chromospheric heating undergoes a remarkable reversal and revival as giant luminosity increases. We also discuss possible explanations for this new finding.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): stars: activity - stars: chromospheres - supergiants

Simbad objects: 3

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2019.12.13-13:54:37

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