Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 481, 153-163 (2018/November-3)
Very massive stars in not so massive clusters.
OH S. and KROUPA P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Very young star clusters in the Milky Way exhibit a well-defined relation between their maximum stellar mass, mmax, and their mass in stars, Mecl. A recent study shows that the young intermediate-mass star cluster VVV CL041 possibly hosts a ≳80 M☉ star, WR62-2, which appears to violate the existence of the mmax-Mecl relation since the mass of the star is almost two times higher than that expected from the relation. By performing direct N-body calculations with the same mass as the cluster VVV CL041 (≃3000 M☉), we study whether such a very massive star can be formed via dynamically induced stellar collisions in a binary-rich star cluster that initially follows the mmax-Mecl relation. Eight out of 100 clusters form a star more massive than 80 M☉ through multiple stellar collisions. This suggests that the VVV CL041 cluster may have become an outlier of the relation because of its early-dynamical evolution, even if the cluster followed the relation at birth. We find that more than half of our model clusters host a merger product as its most massive member within the first 5 Myr of cluster evolution. Thus, the existence of stars more massive than the mmax-Mecl relation in some young clusters is expected due to dynamical processes despite the validity of the mmax-Mecl relation. We briefly discuss evolution of binary populations in our model.
methods: numerical - stars: kinematics and dynamics - stars: massive - open clusters and associations: general - open clusters and associations: individual: VVV CL041 - galaxies: star clusters: general