Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 481, 2249-2260 (2018/December-1)
Gravitational wave detection from OJ 287 via a pulsar timing array.
CHEN J.-W. and ZHANG Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
Blazar OJ 287 is a candidate nanoHertz (nHz) gravitational wave (GW) source. In this article, we investigate the GWs generated by OJ 287 and their potential detection through a pulsar timing array (PTA). First, we obtain the orbit and the corresponding GW strain of OJ 287. During the time span of the next 10 years (2019-2029), the GW of OJ 287 will be active before 2021, with a peak strain amplitude 8 x 10–16, and then decay after that. When OJ 287 is silent in the GW channel during 2021-2029, the timing residual signals of the PTA will be dominated by the 'pulsar term' of the GW strain and this provides an opportunity to observe this pulsar term. Furthermore, we choose 26 pulsars with white noise below 300 ns to detect the GW signal of OJ 287, evaluating their timing residuals and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). The total SNR (with a cadence of 2 weeks in the next 10 years) of the PTA ranges from 1.9-2.9, corresponding to a weak GW signal for the current sensitivity level. Subsequently, we investigate the potential measurement of the parameters of OJ 287 using these pulsars. In particular, PSR J0437-4715, with a precisely measured distance, has the potential to constrain the polarization angle with an uncertainty below 8° and this pulsar will play an important role in future PTA observations.