Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 481, 4111-4122 (2018/December-2)
Probing the dynamical state, baryon content, and multiphase nature of galaxy clusters with bright background QSOs.
GE C., WANG Q.D., BURCHETT J.N., TRIPP T.M., SUN M., LI Z., GU Q. and JI L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have initiated a programme to study the physical/dynamical state of gas in galaxy clusters and the impact of the cluster environment on gaseous haloes of individual galaxies using X-ray imaging and UV absorption line spectroscopy of background QSOs. Here, we report results from the analysis Chandra and XMM-Newton archival data of five galaxy clusters with such QSOs, one of which has an archival UV spectrum. We characterize the gravitational masses and dynamical states, as well as the hot intracluster medium (ICM) properties of these clusters. Most clusters are dynamically disturbed clusters based on the X-ray morphology parameters, the X-ray temperature profiles, the large offset between X-ray peak, and brightest cluster galaxy (BCG). The baryon contents in the hot ICM and stars of these clusters within r500 are lower than the values expected from the gravitational masses, according to the standard cosmology. We also estimate column densities of the hot ICM along the sightlines towards the background QSOs as well as place upper limits on the warm-hot phase for the one sightline with existing UV observations. These column densities, compared with those of the warm and warm-hot ICM to be measured with UV absorption line spectroscopy, will enable us to probe the relationship among various gaseous phases and their connection to the heating/cooling and dynamical processes of the clusters. Furthermore, our analysis of the archival QSO spectrum probing one cluster underscores the need for high-quality, targeted UV observations to robustly constrain the 105–6 K gas phase.
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - X-rays: galaxies: clusters - quasars: absorption lines
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