Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 130, part no 7, 1001-71001 (2018/July-0)
Diffuse interstellar bands. A survey of observational facts.
Abstract (from CDS):
The paper presents and documents the most important observational results concerning the enigmatic diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) that have remained unidentified since 1922. It demonstrates why the bands are commonly considered as having originated in many still unknown carriers. The mutual correlations of different DIBs, aiming at finding "families" of common origin, are briefly discussed. It was found that the strength ratio of the major DIBs, 5780 and 5797, is heavily variable; at the same E(B-V), the DIB intensities may vary by as much as a factor of three or more. Certain DIB strength ratios seem to be related to intensities of the known features of simple molecular species; this led to the introduction of the so-called σ and ζ type interstellar clouds. In the former (prototype HD147165), broad DIBs are very strong, while the narrow ones and molecular features are weak. In the latter (prototype HD149757), narrow DIBs, as well as bands of simple radicals, are strong while the broad DIBs are weak (in relation to E(B-V)). Details of the profiles of narrow DIBs, documenting their molecular origin, are presented. The relative DIB strengths as well as those of the simple radicals seem to be related to the shapes of interstellar extinction curves. Possible carriers of DIBs are only mentioned, as all of the proposed ones remain uncertain. The survey is biased in the sense that it presents the author's point of view. It was prepared for the thirtieth anniversary of the first DIB survey, published in PASP (Krelowski 1988), and demonstrates how far our knowledge has evolved since then.