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2019A&A...624A.116U - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 624A, 116-116 (2019/4-1)

Three-dimensional mixing and light curves: constraints on the progenitor of supernova 1987A.


Abstract (from CDS):

With the same method as used previously, we investigate neutrino-driven explosions of a larger sample of blue supergiant models. The blue supergiants were evolved as single-star progenitors. The larger sample includes three new presupernova stars. The results are compared with light-curve observations of the peculiar type IIP supernova 1987A (SN 1987A). The explosions were modeled in 3D with the neutrino-hydrodynamics code PROMETHEUS-HOTB, and light-curve calculations were performed in spherical symmetry with the radiation-hydrodynamics codeCRAB, starting at a stage of nearly homologous expansion. Our results confirm the basic findings of the previous work: 3D neutrino-driven explosions with SN 1987A-like energies synthesize an amount of 56Ni that is consistent with the radioactive tail of the light curve. Moreover, the models mix hydrogen inward to minimum velocities below 400km/s as required by spectral observations and a 3D analysis of molecular hydrogen in SN 1987A. Hydrodynamic simulations with the new progenitor models, which possess smaller radii than the older ones, show much better agreement between calculated and observed light curves in the initial luminosity peak and during the first 20 days. A set of explosions with similar energies demonstrated that a high growth factor of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities at the (C+O)/He composition interface combined with a weak interaction of fast Rayleigh-Taylor plumes, where the reverse shock occurs below the He/H interface, provides a sufficient condition for efficient outward mixing of 56Ni into the hydrogen envelope. This condition is realized to the required extent only in one of the older stellar models, which yielded a maximum velocity of around 3000km/s for the bulk of ejected 56Ni, but failed to reproduce the helium-core mass of 6M inferred from the absolute luminosity of the presupernova star. We conclude that none of the single-star progenitor models proposed for SN 1987A to date satisfies all constraints set by observations.

Abstract Copyright: © V. P. Utrobin et al. 2019

Journal keyword(s): supernovae: general - supernovae: individual: SN 1987A - hydrodynamics

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/624/A116): b15-psn.dat n20-psn.dat w16-psn.dat w18-psn.dat w18r-psn.dat w18x-psn.dat w20-psn.dat b15-2-1i.dat n20-p-1i.dat w16-3-1i.dat w18-1i.dat w18r2-1i.dat w18x2-1i.dat w20-1i.dat b15-2-1c.dat w16-3-1c.dat w18-1c.dat w18r2-1c.dat w18x2-1c.dat w20-1c.dat n20-p-1c.dat b15-2-lc.dat n20-p-lc.dat w16-3-lc.dat w18-lc.dat w18r2-lc.dat w18x2-lc.dat w20-lc.dat>

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