Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 625A, 59-59 (2019/5-1)
Constraining the orbit of the planet-hosting binary τ Bootis. Clues about planetary formation and migration.
JUSTESEN A.B. and ALBRECHT S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. The formation of planets in compact or highly eccentric binaries and the migration of hot Jupiters are two outstanding problems in planet formation. Detailed characterisation of known systems is important for informing and testing models. The hot Jupiter τ Boo Ab orbits the primary star in the long-period (P≥1000yr), highly eccentric (e∼0.9) double star system τ Bootis. Due to the long orbital period, the orbit of the stellar binary is poorly constrained.
Aims. Here we aim to constrain the orbit of the stellar binary τ Boo AB in order to investigate the formation and migration history of the system. The mutual orbital inclination of the stellar companion and the hot Jupiter has important implications for planet migration. The binary eccentricity and periastron distance are important for understanding the conditions under which τ Boo Ab formed.
Methods. We combine more than 150yr of astrometric data with twenty-five years of high-precision radial velocities. The combination of sky-projected and line-of-sight measurements places tight constraints on the orbital inclination, eccentricity, and periastron distance of τ Boo AB.
Results. We determine the orbit of τ Boo B and find an orbital inclination of 47.2–3.7+2.7°, a periastron distance of 28.3–3.0+2.3au, and an eccentricity of 0.87–0.03+0.04. We find that the orbital inclinations of τ Boo Ab and τ Boo B, as well as the stellar spin-axis of τ Boo A coincide at ∼45°, a result consistent with the assumption of a well-aligned, coplanar system.
Conclusions. The likely aligned, coplanar configuration suggests planetary migration within a well-aligned protoplanetary disc. Due to the high eccentricity and small periastron distance of τ Boo B, the protoplanetary disc was tidally truncated at ∼6au. We suggest that τ Boo Ab formed near the edge of the truncated disc and migrated inwards with high eccentricity due to spiral waves generated by the stellar companion.
© ESO 2019
stars: individual: tau Bootis - planetary systems - planet-disk interactions - astrometry - techniques: radial velocities - planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/625/A59): astrodat.dat rvdat1.dat rvdat2.dat>
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