Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 625A, 67-67 (2019/5-1)
Detection of intercluster gas in superclusters using the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect.
TANIMURA H., AGHANIM N., DOUSPIS M., BEELEN A. and BONJEAN V.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using a thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) signal, we search for hot gas in superclusters identified using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS/DR7) galaxies. We stack a Comptonization y map produced by the Planck Collaboration around the superclusters and detect the tSZ signal at a significance of 6.4σ. We further search for an intercluster component of gas in the superclusters. For this, we remove the intracluster gas in the superclusters by masking all galaxy groups/clusters detected by the Planck tSZ, ROSAT X-ray, and SDSS optical surveys down to a total mass of 1013M☉. We report the first detection of intercluster gas in superclusters with y=(3.5±1.4)x10–8 at a significance of 2.5σ. Assuming a simple isothermal and flat density distribution of intercluster gas over superclusters, the estimated baryon density is (Ωgas/Ωb)x(Te/8x106K)=0.067±0.006±0.025. This quantity is inversely proportional to the temperature, therefore taking values from simulations and observations, we find that the gas density in superclusters may account for 17-52% of missing baryons at low redshifts. A better understanding of the physical state of gas in the superclusters is required to accurately estimate the contribution of our measurements to missing baryons.