Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 626A, 29-29 (2019/6-1)
Follow-up observations of X-ray emitting hot subdwarf stars: the compact He-poor sdO star Feige 34.
LA PALOMBARA N., MEREGHETTI S., ESPOSITO P. and TIENGO A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on results obtained with the XMM-Newton observation of Feige 34 carried out in April 2018. This is the first spectroscopic X-ray observation of a compact and helium-poor hot subdwarf star. The source was detected at a flux level fX=3.4x10–14erg/cm2/s in the energy range 0.2-3keV, which implies an X-ray-to-bolometric flux ratio fX/fbol~=10–6.5. The source spectrum can be described with the sum of two thermal-plasma components with subsolar abundances at temperatures of ~=0.3 and 1.1keV. These properties are similar to what is observed in early-type main-sequence stars, where the X-ray emission is attributed to turbulence and shocks in the stellar wind. Therefore, the same phenomenon could explain the X-ray properties of Feige 34. However, it is not possible to reproduce the observed spectrum with a thermal-plasma model if the elemental abundances are fixed at the values obtained from the optical and UV spectroscopy. Moreover, we show that the X-ray luminosity and spectrum are consistent with those expected from a young main-sequence star of late spectral type. Therefore, we discuss the possibility that the observed X-ray emission is due to the companion star of M0 spectral type, whose presence is suggested by the IR excess in the spectral energy distribution of Feige 34.