Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 630A, 104-104 (2019/10-1)
Carbon, oxygen, and iron abundances in disk and halo stars. Implications of 3D non-LTE spectral line formation.
AMARSI A.M., NISSEN P.E. and SKULADOTTIR A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The abundances of carbon, oxygen, and iron in late-type stars are important parameters in exoplanetary and stellar physics, as well as key tracers of stellar populations and Galactic chemical evolution. However, standard spectroscopic abundance analyses can be prone to severe systematic errors, based on the assumption that the stellar atmosphere is one-dimensional (1D) and hydrostatic, and by ignoring departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE).In order to address this, we carried out three-dimensional (3D) non-LTE radiative transfer calculations for CI and OI, and 3D LTE radiative transfer calculations for FeII, across the STAGGER-grid of 3D hydrodynamic model atmospheres. The absolute 3D non-LTE versus 1D LTE abundance corrections can be as severe as -0.3dex for CI lines in low-metallicity F dwarfs, and -0.6dex for OI lines in high-metallicity F dwarfs. The 3D LTE versus 1D LTE abundance corrections for FeII lines are less severe, typically less than +0.15dex. We used the corrections in a re-analysis of carbon, oxygen, and iron in 187 F and G dwarfs in the Galactic disk and halo. Applying the differential 3D non-LTE corrections to 1D LTE abundances visibly reduces the scatter in the abundance plots. The thick disk and high-α halo population rise in carbon and oxygen with decreasing metallicity, and reach a maximum of [C/Fe]~=0.2 and a plateau of [O/Fe]~=0.6 at [Fe/H]~=-1.0. The low-α halo population is qualitatively similar, albeit offset towards lower metallicities and with larger scatter. Nevertheless, these populations overlap in the [C/O] versus [O/H] plane, decreasing to a plateau of [C/O]~=-0.6 below [O/H]~=-1.0.In the thin-disk, stars having confirmed planet detections tend to have higher values of C/O at given [O/H]; this potential signature of planet formation is only apparent after applying the abundance corrections to the 1D LTE results. Our grids of line-by-line abundance corrections are publicly available and can be readily used to improve the accuracy of spectroscopic analyses of late-type stars.
© A. M. Amarsi et al. 2019
line: formation - radiative transfer - stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: late-type
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<Available at CDS (J/A+A/630/A104): table7.dat table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat>
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