Astron. J., 158, 198-198 (2019/November-0)
Stellar properties of KIC 8736245: an eclipsing binary with a solar-type star leaving the main sequence.
FETHEROLF T., WELSH W.F., OROSZ J.A., WINDMILLER G., QUINN S.N., SHORT D.R., KANE S.R. and WADE R.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
There is a well-known stellar parameter discrepancy for late K and M dwarfs, in that the observed radii and temperatures are often respectively larger and cooler than predicted by theory by several percent. In an ongoing effort to elucidate this issue, we examine the double-lined Kepler eclipsing binary star system KIC 8736245. We supplement the near-continuous 4 yr Kepler light curve with ground-based multicolor photometry from Mount Laguna Observatory and spectroscopy from the Hobby-Eberly Telescope. The binary has an edge-on, circular 5.07 days orbit with stellar masses equal to 0.987 ± 0.009 and 0.782 ± 0.009 M☉ and radii of 1.311 ± 0.006 and 0.804 ± 0.004 R☉, respectively, and an estimated age of 7-9 Gyr. We find that the stellar radii are consistent with theoretical models within the uncertainties, whereas the temperature of the secondary star is ∼6% cooler than predicted. An important aspect of this work is that the uncertainties derived from a single epoch (individual night of observations) underestimate the overall system parameter uncertainties due to the effect of the 1%-4% fluctuations caused by stellar activity. Our error estimates come from the spread in parameters measured at eight epochs. From the periodicities in the light curve and from the eclipse times, we measure candidate spin periods to be approximately 4.98 and 5.87 days for the primary and secondary star. Surprisingly, these imply super- and subsynchronous rotation compared to the orbital period. Thus KIC 8736245 serves as an interesting case study for the exchange of angular momentum and general stellar astrophysics as stars in binaries evolve off the main sequence.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Eclipsing binary stars - Stellar activity - Stellar properties - Starspots - Stellar rotation
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