Astrophys. J., 871, 71-71 (2019/January-3)
The impact of the environment on the early stages of radio source evolution.
SOBOLEWSKA M., SIEMIGINOWSKA A., GUAINAZZI M., HARDCASTLE M., MIGLIORI G., OSTORERO L. and STAWARZ L.
Abstract (from CDS):
Compact symmetric objects (CSOs) show radio features such as jets, lobes, and hot spots that are contained within the central 1 kpc region of their host galaxy. Thus, they are thought to be among the progenitors of large-scale radio galaxies. A debate regarding whether the CSOs are compact primarily because they are young or because they are surrounded by a dense medium impacting their expansion is ongoing. Until now, attempts to discriminate between the environmental and genuine youthfulness scenarios have been inconclusive. We present a study of three CSOs selected on the basis of their puzzling X-ray absorbing properties in prior Beppo-SAX and/or Chandra X-ray Observatory data. Our new XMM-Newton observations unambiguously confirm the nature of their X-ray absorbers. Furthermore, for the first time, our X-ray data reveal the existence of a population of CSOs with intrinsic hydrogen column density NH > 1023 cm–2 that is different from the population of X-ray unabsorbed CSOs. The two groups appear to be separated in the linear size versus radio power plane. This finding suggests that a dense medium in X-ray obscured CSOs may be able to confine the radio jets. Alternatively, X-ray obscured CSOs could be seen as radio brighter than their unobscured counterparts either because they reside in a dense environment or because they have larger jet powers. Our results help constrain the origin of the X-ray emission and the location and size of the X-ray obscurer in CSOs, and indicate that the environment may play a key role during the initial expansion of a radio source.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: active - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: jets - X-rays: galaxies
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2019ApJ...871...71S and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu