Astrophys. J., 871, 89-89 (2019/January-3)
The effect of far-infrared radiation on the hyperfine anomaly of the OH 18 cm transition.
EBISAWA Y., SAKAI N., MENTEN K.M. and YAMAMOTO S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present observations of the four hyperfine structure components of the OH 18 cm transition (1612, 1665, 1667 and 1720 MHz) toward Heiles Cloud 2 (HCL2) in Taurus and the dense cores L183 and L169. Toward the peculiar straight structure in the northern part of HCL2, the 1720 MHz line shows absorption against the cosmic microwave background at a velocity of ∼5.5 km s–1, whereas the 1612 MHz line shows brighter emission than expected in local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE). Such an intensity anomaly is also observed toward TMC-1 (CP), L183, and L169, where the 1612 MHz line is stronger and the 1720 MHz line is weaker than those expected under LTE. We conduct statistical equilibrium calculations considering the effect of far-infrared (FIR) radiation from surrounding clouds and find that the absorption feature of the 1720 MHz line can be reproduced by the following conditions: gas kinetic temperature lower than about 30 K, OH column density higher than 1015 cm–2, H2 density lower than 103 cm–3, and an ortho-to-para ratio of H2 lower than 1. Therefore, the absorption feature of the 1720 MHz line is considered to trace relatively cold and dense gas that is surrounded by a warm envelope consisting of CO-dark molecular gas.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
ISM: individual objects: Taurus, HCL2, L183, L169 - ISM: molecules
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