Astrophys. J., 871, 124-124 (2019/January-3)
Examining the class B to a shift of the 7.7 µm PAH band with the NASA Ames PAH IR Spectroscopic Database.
SHANNON M.J. and BOERSMA C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present insights into the behavior of the astronomical 7.7 µm polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission complex as gleaned from analyzing synthesized spectra, utilizing the data and tools from the NASA Ames PAH IR Spectroscopic Database. We specifically study the influence of PAH size, charge, aliphatic content, and nitrogen substitution on the profile and peak position of the 7.7 µm feature (λ7.7). The 7.7 µm band is known to vary significantly from object to object in astronomical observations, but the origin of these variations remains highly speculative. Our results indicate that PAH size can accommodate the largest shift in λ7.7 (≃0.4 µm), where relatively small PAHs are consistent with class A spectra (Nc <= 60), while large PAHs are consistent with red/very red class B spectra. Aliphatic PAHs, of which our sample only contains a few, can produce redshifts typically around 0.15 µm; changes in ionization fraction, depending on the species, produce shifts of up to 0.1 µm; and nitrogen substitution has no effect on λ7.7. Within the limits of our study, the class B - A transition is best explained with a changing PAH size distribution, with a relatively minor role assigned to aliphatic content and varying charge states. The resulting astronomical picture is that the photochemical evolution of PAHs moving from shielded class C/B environments into exposed ISM-like class A environments may be intrinsically different from the reverse class A - B transition of interstellar PAHs being incorporated into newly forming star systems.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
astrochemistry - infrared: ISM - ISM: lines and bands - ISM: molecules - molecular data - techniques: spectroscopic
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