Astrophys. J., 871, 142-142 (2019/February-1)
Pushing automated abundance derivations into the cool dwarf regime: a test using three G and two K stars in Praesepe.
GEBRAN M., AGUEROS M.A., HAWKINS K., SCHULER S.C. and MORRIS B.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of an abundance analysis of three G and two K dwarfs in the Praesepe open cluster based on high-resolution, moderate signal-to-noise-ratio spectra obtained with the ARC 3.5 m Telescope at Apache Point Observatory. Using a principal component analysis and the BACCHUS automated spectral analysis code, we determined stellar parameters and abundances of up to 24 elements for each of our targets, which range in temperature from 6000 to 4600 K. The average derived iron abundance for the three G stars is 0.17 ± 0.07 dex, consistent with the 0.12 ± 0.04 dex derived by Boesgaard et al. for their sample of 11 solar-type Praesepe members, which included these G stars. To investigate the efficacy of using automated routines to derive the abundances of cooler main-sequence stars, we compared the abundances of the K dwarfs to those of the G dwarfs. Our abundances are consistent to <=0.1 dex for 13 of the 18 elements we report for all five of the stars, providing more evidence that G and K stars in a given open cluster are chemically homogeneous. The median difference between the mean G and K stars' abundances is 0.08 ± 0.05 dex, despite serious challenges with the noisier data for the fainter K dwarfs. Our results are encouraging for chemical tagging, as they indicate that it may be possible to use automated abundance determination techniques to identify chemically related main-sequence stars across larger temperature ranges than are usually considered in these experiments.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
open clusters and associations: individual: M44 - stars: abundances - techniques: spectroscopic
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