Evolution of high-energy particle distribution in supernova remnants.
ZENG H., XIN Y. and LIU S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Supernova remnants (SNRs) have been considered to be the dominant contributors to Galactic cosmic rays. However, the relation between high-energy particles trapped in SNRs and cosmic rays observed at the Earth remains obscure. In this paper, we fit the spectral energy distributions of 35 SNRs with a simple one-zone emission model and analyze correlations of model parameters to uncover the evolution of high-energy particle distribution in SNRs. We find that (1) the particle distribution in general can be described by a broken power-law function with a high-energy cutoff for all SNRs; (2) the low-energy spectrum becomes harder and the break energy decreases with aging of SNRs, (3) for most middle-age SNRs, the energy loss timescale of electrons at the high-energy cutoff is approximately equal to the age of the corresponding remnant implying quenching of very-high-energy electron acceleration; for young SNRs, this energy loss timescale is shorter than the age of SNRs implying continuous electron acceleration at the cutoff energy; and for a few old age SNRs, the energy loss timescale is longer than the corresponding age, which may suggest escaping of higher energy particles from SNRs. Finally, we comment on the implications of these results on the SNR origin of Galactic cosmic rays.