Astrophys. J., 875, 141-141 (2019/April-3)
Expanding the sample: the relationship between the black hole mass of BCGs and the total mass of galaxy clusters.
PHIPPS F., BOGDAN A., LOVISARI L., KOVACS O.E., VOLONTERI M. and DUBOIS Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
Supermassive black holes (BHs) residing in brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) are overly massive when considering the local relationships between the BH mass and stellar bulge mass or velocity dispersion. Because of the location of these BHs within the cluster, large-scale cluster processes may aid the growth of BHs in BCGs. In this work, we study a sample of 71 galaxy clusters to explore the relationship between the BH mass, stellar bulge mass of the BCG, and the total gravitating mass of the host clusters. Because of difficulties in obtaining dynamically measured BH masses in distant galaxies, we use the Fundamental Plane relationship of BHs to infer their masses. We utilize X-ray observations taken by Chandra to measure the temperature of the intracluster medium, which is a proxy for the total mass of the cluster. We analyze the MBH-kT and MBH-Mbulge relationships and establish the best-fitting power laws: log10(MBH/109M☉) = -0.35+2.08 log10(kT/1keV) and log10(MBH/109M☉) = -1.09+1.92 log10(Mbulge/1011M☉). Both relations are comparable with that established earlier for a sample of brightest group/cluster galaxies with dynamically measured BH masses. Although both the MBH-kT and the MBH-Mbulge relationships exhibit large intrinsic scatter, on the basis of Monte Carlo simulations, we conclude that dominant fraction of the scatter originates from the Fundamental Plane relationship. We split the sample into cool core and noncool core resembling clusters but do not find statistically significant differences in the MBH-kT relation. We speculate that the overly massive BHs in BCGs may be due to frequent mergers and cool gas inflows onto the cluster center.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: evolution - X-rays: galaxies: clusters
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