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2019ApJ...876...72L - Astrophys. J., 876, 72-72 (2019/May-1)

Sulfur chemistry in protoplanetary disks: CS and H2CS.


Abstract (from CDS):

The nature and abundance of sulfur chemistry in protoplanetary disks (PPDs) may impact the sulfur inventory on young planets and therefore their habitability. PPDs also offer an interesting test bed for sulfur chemistry models, since each disk shows a diverse set of environments. In this context, we present new sulfur molecule observations in PPDs and new S-disk chemistry models. With the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array we observed the CS 5-4 rotational transition toward five PPDs (DM Tau, DO Tau, CI Tau, LkCa 15, MWC 480) and the CS 6-5 transition toward three PPDs (LkCa 15, MWC 480, and V4046 Sgr). Across this sample, CS displays a range of radial distributions, from centrally peaked to gaps and rings. We also present the first detection in PPDs of 13CS 6-5 (LkCa 15 and MWC 480), C34S 6-5 (LkCa 15), and H2CS 817-716, 919-818, and 918-817 (MWC 480) transitions. Using LTE models to constrain column densities and excitation temperatures, we find that either 13C and 34S are enhanced in CS or CS is optically thick despite its relatively low brightness temperature. Additional lines and higher spatial resolution observations are needed to distinguish between these scenarios. Assuming that CS is optically thin, CS column density model predictions reproduce the observations within a factor of a few for both MWC 480 and LkCa 15. However, the model underpredicts H2CS by 1-2 orders of magnitude. Finally, comparing the H2CS/CS ratio observed toward the MWC 480 disk and toward different interstellar medium sources, we find the closest match with prestellar cores.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): astrochemistry - ISM: molecules - methods: numerical - methods: observational - protoplanetary disks - techniques: interferometric

Simbad objects: 24

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