Astrophys. J., 876, 121-121 (2019/May-2)
Using multiwavelength variability to explore the connection among X-ray emission, the far-ultraviolet H2 bump, and accretion in T Tauri stars.
ESPAILLAT C.C., ROBINSON C., GRANT S. and REYNOLDS M.
Abstract (from CDS):
The high-energy radiation fields of T Tauri stars (TTS) should affect the surrounding circumstellar disk, having implications for disk transport and heating. Yet observational evidence of the effect of high-energy fields on disks is scarce. Here we investigate the connection between X-ray emission and the innermost gas disk by leveraging the variability of TTS. We obtained multiple epochs of coordinated data (taken either simultaneously or within a few hours) of accreting TTS with the Hubble Space Telescope, the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We measured the far-ultraviolet (FUV) H2 bump feature at 1600 Å, which traces gas <1 au from the star; the near-ultraviolet emission, from which we extract the accretion luminosity; and also the X-ray luminosity. We do not find a correlation between the FUV H2 bump and X-ray luminosity. Therefore, an observable tracer of the effect of X-ray ionization in the innermost disk remains elusive. We report a correlation between the FUV H2 bump and accretion luminosity, linking this feature to the disk surface density. We also see a correlation between the X-ray luminosity and the accretion column density, implying that flaring activity may influence accretion. These results stress the importance of coordinated multiwavelength work to understand TTS.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
accretion, accretion disks - circumstellar matter - protoplanetary disks - stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence
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