Astrophys. J., 877, 7-7 (2019/May-3)
Infrared galaxies in the field of the massive Cluster Abell S1063: discovery of a luminous kiloparsec-sized H II region in a gravitationally lensed infrared-luminous galaxy at z = 0.6.
WALTH G.L., EGAMI E., CLEMENT B., RAWLE T.D., REX M., RICHARD J., PEREZ-GONZALEZ P., BOONE F., DESSAUGES-ZAVADSKY M., PORTOUW J., WEINER B., McGREER I. and SCHNEIDER E.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using the Spitzer Space Telescope and Herschel Space Observatory, we have conducted a survey of IR galaxies in the field of the galaxy cluster AS1063 at z = 0.347, which is one of the most massive clusters known and a target of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble and the Frontier Field surveys. The Spitzer/MIPS 24 µm and Herschel/PACS and SPIRE images revealed that the core of AS1063 is surprisingly devoid of IR sources, showing only a few detectable sources within the central r ∼ 1'. There is, however, one particularly bright source (2.3 mJy at 24 µm; 106 mJy at 160 µm), which corresponds to a background galaxy at z = 0.61. The modest magnification factor (4.0x) implies that this galaxy is intrinsically IR luminous (LIR=3.1×1011L☉). What is particularly interesting about this galaxy is that HST optical/near-IR images show a remarkably bright and large (1 kpc) clump at one edge of the disk. Our follow-up optical/near-IR spectroscopy shows Balmer (Hα-H8) and forbidden emission from this clump ([O II] λ3727, [O III] λλ4959,5007, [N II] λλ6548,6583), indicating that it is an H II region. The H II region appears to have formed in situ, as kinematically it is part of a rotating disk, and there is no evidence of nearby interacting galaxies. With an extinction correction of AV=1.5 mag, the star formation rate of this giant H II region is ∼10 M☉ yr–1, which is exceptionally large, even for high-redshift H II regions. Such a large and luminous H II region is often seen at z ∼ 2 but is quite rare in the nearby universe.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: clusters: individual: AS1063 - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - infrared: galaxies
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