2019ApJ...878...71L


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.19CEST19:15:19

2019ApJ...878...71L - Astrophys. J., 878, 71-71 (2019/June-2)

Uncovering red and dusty ultraluminous X-ray sources with Spitzer.

LAU R.M., HEIDA M., WALTON D.J., KASLIWAL M.M., ADAMS S.M., CODY A.M., DE K., GEHRZ R.D., FURST F., JENCSON J.E., KENNEA J.A. and MASCI F.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present a mid-infrared (IR) sample study of nearby ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) using multiepoch observations with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on the Spitzer Space Telescope. Spitzer/IRAC observations taken after 2014 were obtained as part of the Spitzer Infrared Intensive Transients Survey. Our sample includes 96 ULXs located within 10 Mpc. Of the 96 ULXs, 12 have candidate counterparts consistent with absolute mid-IR magnitudes of supergiants, and 16 counterparts exceeded the mid-IR brightness of single supergiants and are thus more consistent with star clusters or non-ULX background active galactic nuclei. The supergiant candidate counterparts exhibit a bimodal color distribution in a Spitzer/IRAC color-magnitude diagram, where "red" and "'blue" ULXs fall in IRAC colors [3.6] - [4.5] ∼ 0.7 and [3.6] - [4.5] ∼ 0.0, respectively. The mid-IR colors and absolute magnitudes of four "red" and five "blue" ULXs are consistent with those of supergiant B[e] (sgB[e]) and red supergiant (RSG) stars, respectively. Although "blue," RSG-like mid-IR ULX counterparts likely host RSG mass donors; we propose that "red" counterparts are ULXs exhibiting the "B[e] phenomenon" rather than hosts of sgB[e] mass donors. We show that the mid-IR excess from the "red" ULXs is likely due to thermal emission from circumstellar or circumbinary dust. Using dust as a probe for total mass, we estimate mass-loss rates of {dot}M∼1×10–4M yr–1 in dust-forming outflows of red ULXs. Based on the transient mid-IR behavior and its relatively flat spectral index, α = -0.19 ± 0.1, we suggest that the mid-IR emission from Holmberg IX X-1 originates from a variable jet.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - dust, extinction - infrared: stars - stars: black hole - stars: neutron - supergiants

Status at CDS : Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 165

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Number of rows : 165

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 RX J004722.4-252051 ULX 00 47 22.59 -25 20 50.9           ~ 35 0
2 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 2954 2
3 RX J004742.5-251501 UX? 00 47 42.76 -25 15 02.2           ~ 13 0
4 NGC 300 GiG 00 54 53.4460065856 -37 41 03.182962667 8.83 8.69 8.13 7.46   ~ 1327 2
5 NAME NGC 300 2010da s*b 00 55 04.86 -37 41 43.7           LBV 103 0
6 2XMM J013636.4+155036 UX? 01 36 36.50 +15 50 36.3           ~ 10 0
7 M 74 G 01 36 41.772 +15 47 00.46 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1428 1
8 CXOU J013651.1+154547 UX? 01 36 51.06 +15 45 46.8           ~ 26 0
9 NGC 855 GiG 02 14 03.612 +27 52 37.82 14.19 13.56 12.75 12.40   ~ 195 1
10 [SST2011] J022231.26+421957.8 UX? 02 22 31.25 +42 19 57.8           ~ 6 0
11 [PCV2006] ULX 2 ULX 02 22 31.36 +42 20 24.4           ~ 8 1
12 [LB2005] NGC 891 ULX1 UX? 02 22 31.39 +42 20 30.3           ~ 3 0
13 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1534 2
14 [LB2005] NGC 891 ULX3 UX? 02 22 45.55 +42 25 57.8           ~ 7 1
15 NGC 925 H2G 02 27 16.913 +33 34 43.97   10.69 10.12 9.55   ~ 701 1
16 [SST2011] J022721.52+333500.7 UX? 02 27 21.52 +33 35 00.8           ~ 8 0
17 [SST2011] J022727.53+333443.0 UX? 02 27 27.53 +33 34 42.9           ~ 7 0
18 NGC 1042 GiP 02 40 23.9725496856 -08 26 00.749394900 11.47 11.56 11.02 11.7 11.4 ~ 227 1
19 2XMM J024025.6-082428 X 02 40 25.62 -08 24 28.9           ~ 12 1
20 2XMM J024323.1+372042 UX? 02 43 23.27 +37 20 42.1           ~ 8 0
21 NGC 1058 Sy2 02 43 30.0247243235 +37 20 28.807743477   12.29 11.75 10.85   ~ 439 0
22 NGC 1313 G 03 18 16.046 -66 29 53.74   10.06 10.0 9.40 10.4 ~ 614 2
23 RX J031820.3-662911 UX? 03 18 20.00 -66 29 10.9           ~ 171 1
24 [SST2011] J034555.61+680455.3 ULX 03 45 55.612 +68 04 55.29           ~ 141 1
25 2XMM J034615.6+681112 UX? 03 46 15.61 +68 11 12.8           ~ 28 0
26 [LB2005] PGC 13826 ULX2 UX? 03 46 45.54 +68 09 51.7           ~ 3 0
27 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1395 1
28 [MPK2008] C15 X 03 46 57.490 +68 06 19.51           ~ 15 0
29 V* CI Cam HXB 04 19 42.1353986687 +55 59 57.708146070 12.13 12.41 11.77 10.79 9.99 B0/2I[e] 225 0
30 NGC 1637 AGN 04 41 28.229 -02 51 28.94   11.4   11.0 11.3 ~ 374 0
31 CXOU J044132.9-025126 UX? 04 41 32.97 -02 51 26.8           ~ 5 0
32 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 14984 1
33 [FK2005] 6 ULX 07 36 25.55 +65 35 40.0           ~ 38 0
34 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.396 +65 36 09.17 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1624 1
35 RX J073655.7+653542 HXB 07 36 55.6 +65 35 41           ~ 13 0
36 2E 1831 LXB 07 37 02.33 +65 39 35.0           ~ 14 0
37 [SST2011] J080148.10+504354.6 UX? 08 01 48.11 +50 43 54.6           ~ 6 0
38 NGC 2500 LSB 08 01 53.1733310496 +50 44 13.606564536 11.98 12.20 11.62 11.34 10.85 ~ 174 1
39 CXO J080157.8+504339 AGN 08 01 57.84 +50 43 39.4           ~ 8 0
40 UGC 4305 IG 08 19 04.9878269182 +70 43 13.025604473 12.06 11.72 11.39 11.11   ~ 700 2
41 [SST2011] J081929.00+704219.3 ULX 08 19 28.99 +70 42 19.4           ~ 158 2
42 TYC 4380-1249-1 * 08 25 42.8577631566 +73 01 17.926220024   12.30 11.71     ~ 3 0
43 [LB2005] NGC 2903 ULX1 UX? 09 32 02.04 +21 31 19.2           ~ 4 0
44 [SST2011] J093206.16+213058.7 UX? 09 32 06.19 +21 30 58.9           ~ 5 0
45 NGC 2905 H2G 09 32 10.111 +21 30 02.99 10.44 9.75 9.07 8.68   ~ 997 3
46 3XMM J093959.4+710640 UX? 09 39 59.44 +71 06 40.2           ~ 3 0
47 UGC 5139 LSB 09 40 32.33 +71 10 56.0 14.53 14.00 13.66 13.41   ~ 325 1
48 3XMM J094130.1+711235 UX? 09 41 30.15 +71 12 35.7           ~ 5 0
49 3XMM J094206.3+710444 UX? 09 42 06.36 +71 04 40.0           ~ 3 0
50 [FK2005] 7 SNR 09 55 32.95 +69 00 33.6   23.87 23.89     ~ 80 1
51 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.17306143 +69 03 55.0609270   7.89 6.94     ~ 3996 5
52 UGC 5336 G 09 57 32.1 +69 02 46 15.19 15.15 14.10 14.12   ~ 292 4
53 RX J0957.9+6903 ULX 09 57 53.290 +69 03 48.20           ~ 200 4
54 [SST2011] J101812.05+412420.7 UX? 10 18 12.05 +41 24 20.7           ~ 7 0
55 NGC 3180 GiG 10 18 16.985 +41 25 27.77   10.4       ~ 638 0
56 NGC 3239 IG 10 25 04.867 +17 09 49.21   13.5       ~ 154 0
57 [SST2011] J102506.98+170947.2 UX? 10 25 06.98 +17 09 47.2           ~ 4 0
58 [SST2011] J102508.20+170948.3 UX? 10 25 08.20 +17 09 48.4           ~ 4 0
59 2XMM J110022.2+285817 UX? 11 00 22.27 +28 58 16.9           ~ 5 0
60 NGC 3486 Sy2 11 00 23.946 +28 58 29.35 10.89 11.11 10.53 10.40   ~ 319 1
61 [SST2011] J110545.62+000016.2 UX? 11 05 45.63 +00 00 16.5           ~ 6 0
62 NGC 3521 LSB 11 05 48.5676206040 -00 02 09.228156576 10.06 9.83 9.02 10.1 9.6 ~ 710 2
63 [GSE2009] B UX? 11 18 15.16 -32 48 40.6           ~ 3 0
64 NGC 3621 AGN 11 18 16.300 -32 48 45.36 10.10 9.44 9.56 8.07 10.1 ~ 494 3
65 M 65 GiP 11 18 55.957 +13 05 31.96   9.6       ~ 409 1
66 CXOU J111858.5+130530 UX? 11 18 58.54 +13 05 30.9           ~ 5 0
67 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1176 4
68 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 757 3
69 CXOU J112018.3+125900 UX? 11 20 18.31 +12 59 00.3           ~ 7 0
70 2XMM J112021.0+125846 UX? 11 20 20.89 +12 58 46.0           ~ 10 0
71 [SST2011] J112037.37+133429.2 UX? 11 20 37.37 +13 34 29.2           ~ 8 0
72 3XMM J115733.7+552711 UX? 11 57 33.70 +55 27 11.1           ~ 2 0
73 NGC 3990 GiP 11 57 35.592 +55 27 31.81   13.57   12.10   ~ 100 0
74 NGC 4136 GiG 12 09 17.7041181303 +29 55 39.417540586   11.69       ~ 199 1
75 [SST2011] J120922.18+295559.7 ULX 12 09 22.19 +29 55 59.7           ~ 9 0
76 [LB2005] NGC 4136 ULX1 UX? 12 09 22.58 +29 55 50.6           ~ 9 0
77 NGC 4190 LSB 12 13 44.1699744302 +36 37 53.391666031 13.88 13.40 13.25 12.86   ~ 184 0
78 CXO J121345.2+363754 ULX 12 13 45.41 +36 37 55.2           ~ 10 0
79 [SST2011] J121510.91+203912.4 UX? 12 15 10.91 +20 39 12.4           ~ 4 0
80 NGC 4204 GiC 12 15 14.359 +20 39 32.68   14.3       ~ 118 0
81 RX J121844.0+471730 UX? 12 18 43.88 +47 17 31.7           ~ 11 0
82 RX J121845.6+472420 UX? 12 18 45.51 +47 24 20.2           ~ 4 0
83 3XMM J121847.6+472054 UX? 12 18 47.66 +47 20 54.7           ~ 8 0
84 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2130 3
85 RX J121857.7+471558 UX? 12 18 57.85 +47 16 07.4           ~ 12 0
86 [LB2005] NGC 4258 X9 X 12 19 22.98 +47 09 33.8           ~ 4 0
87 NGC 4395 Sy2 12 25 48.8639154223 +33 32 48.694684028 10.84 10.54 10.11 9.98   ~ 1005 1
88 [SST2011] J122601.44+333131.1 UX? 12 26 01.53 +33 31 30.6           ~ 33 1
89 NGC 4449 EmG 12 28 11.118 +44 05 36.81 10.11 9.98 9.64 9.45   ~ 1027 1
90 RX J122818.0+440634 UX? 12 28 17.83 +44 06 33.9           ~ 18 0
91 [SST2011] J123029.55+413927.6 HXB 12 30 29.456 +41 39 27.36           ~ 16 0
92 RX J1230.5+4141 ULX 12 30 30.34 +41 41 41.0           ~ 24 2
93 [SST2011] J123030.82+413911.5 HXB 12 30 30.82 +41 39 11.5           ~ 17 0
94 NGC 4485 GiP 12 30 31.113 +41 42 04.22 12.10 12.42 11.93 11.93   ~ 256 2
95 [SST2011] J123032.27+413918.1 HXB 12 30 32.27 +41 39 18.1           ~ 19 0
96 [SST2011] J123036.32+413837.8 HXB 12 30 36.32 +41 38 37.8           ~ 20 1
97 NGC 4490 GiP 12 30 36.368 +41 38 37.07 10.03 10.22 9.79     ~ 529 3
98 CXO J123038.4+413831 HXB 12 30 38.3 +41 38 31           ~ 9 0
99 2XMM J123043.1+413819 HXB 12 30 43.25 +41 38 18.4           ~ 22 1
100 3XMM J123242.7+000654 UX? 12 32 42.70 +00 06 54.9           ~ 2 0
101 NGC 4517 AGN 12 32 45.586 +00 06 54.14   11.1   11.1 10.6 ~ 240 1
102 RX J123551+27561 ULX 12 35 51.71 +27 56 04.1           ~ 60 1
103 NGC 4559 H2G 12 35 57.6399424117 +27 57 35.859639262   10.46 10.01     ~ 539 1
104 [SST2011] J123557.79+275807.4 UX? 12 35 57.77 +27 58 07.4           ~ 10 0
105 RX J123558+27577 UX? 12 35 58.56 +27 57 41.9           ~ 36 2
106 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.43185 -11 37 22.9954 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1284 3
107 [LB2005] NGC 4594 X5 X 12 40 22.64 -11 39 33.4           ~ 4 0
108 [SST2011] J124129.14+410757.7 UX? 12 41 29.14 +41 07 57.7           ~ 4 0
109 NGC 4618 GiP 12 41 32.8926165605 +41 09 03.051998352 11.03 11.22 10.78     ~ 294 2
110 NGC 4625 GiP 12 41 52.701 +41 16 25.39 12.74 12.92 12.35     ~ 314 2
111 [SST2011] J124152.72+411631.7 HXB 12 41 52.72 +41 16 31.7           ~ 5 0
112 [LB2005] NGC 4631 ULX1 UX? 12 41 55.43 +32 32 14.3           ~ 5 0
113 [SST2011] J124155.56+323216.9 HXB 12 41 55.56 +32 32 16.9           ~ 22 2
114 [CHP2004] J124157.4+323203 X 12 41 57.29 +32 32 01.4           ~ 9 0
115 CXO J124157.4+323202 HXB 12 41 57.42 +32 32 03.0           ~ 4 0
116 [WMR2006] NGC4631 XMM3 X 12 41 57.99 +32 28 51.7           ~ 6 0
117 NGC 4631 GiP 12 42 08.009 +32 32 29.44   9.78 9.19 9.10   ~ 978 2
118 [SST2011] J124211.13+323235.9 HXB 12 42 11.13 +32 32 35.8           ~ 16 0
119 [WMR2006] NGC4736 XMM1 X 12 50 50.3 +41 07 12           ~ 11 0
120 [SST2011] J125052.72+410719.0 UX? 12 50 52.72 +41 07 19.0           ~ 9 0
121 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.148 +41 07 12.55 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1232 3
122 [ESC2002] NGC 4736 X-1 ULX 12 50 53.3 +41 07 14           ~ 9 0
123 CXOU J132518.2-430304 UX? 13 25 18.24 -43 03 04.5           ~ 9 0
124 [BWC2008] U35 ULX 13 25 19.87 -43 03 17.1           ~ 18 1
125 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4028 3
126 2XMM J132538.3-430205 UX? 13 25 38.31 -43 02 05.8           ~ 3 0
127 NGC 5204 LSB 13 29 36.508 +58 25 07.43   11.84   11.37   ~ 425 0
128 [FK2005] 23 ULX 13 29 38.62 +58 25 05.6           ~ 109 2
129 RX J132943+47115 UX? 13 29 43.31 +47 11 34.8   23.20 24.01   25.50 ~ 27 1
130 RX J132947+47096 UX? 13 29 47.60 +47 09 43.7           ~ 6 0
131 CXOU J132950.6+471155 Rad 13 29 50.68 +47 11 55.2           ~ 21 0
132 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3832 4
133 CXOM51 J132953.3+471042 UX? 13 29 53.18 +47 10 42.4           ~ 18 0
134 RX J132954+47145 UX? 13 29 53.72 +47 14 35.7           ~ 21 1
135 [MEE95] R8 X 13 29 54.0 +47 14 35           ~ 3 0
136 [WMR2006] M51 XMM6 UX? 13 29 57.57 +47 10 48.3           ~ 15 0
137 RX J133001+47137 UX? 13 30 01.01 +47 13 43.9           ~ 47 0
138 RX J133006+47156 UX? 13 30 06.00 +47 15 42.3           ~ 21 0
139 RX J133007+47110 UX? 13 30 07.55 +47 11 06.1   25.17 25.49   26.04 ~ 44 1
140 [LB2005] NGC 5457 X32 X 14 01 34.04 +54 20 42.5           ~ 4 0
141 2XMM J140134.5+542030 G 14 01 34.5724922687 +54 20 31.142798814   18.7       ~ 5 0
142 2XMM J140248.0+541350 UX? 14 02 48.164 +54 13 50.63           ~ 7 0
143 CXO J140303.9+542734 HXB 14 03 03.98 +54 27 35.1           ~ 4 0
144 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2575 2
145 [BWC2008] U39 UX? 14 03 14.33 +54 18 06.7           ~ 15 1
146 [FK2005] 25 ULX 14 03 19.63 -41 22 58.7           ~ 197 0
147 NGC 5408 EmG 14 03 20.907 -41 22 39.75   12.59   11.96 12.2 ~ 319 3
148 [JRW2005b] 122 UX? 14 03 32.38 +54 21 03.0   21.13       ~ 99 0
149 CXO J140341.1+541903 HXB 14 03 41.28 +54 19 03.7           ~ 3 0
150 2E 1402.4+5440 UX? 14 04 14.28 +54 26 03.6           ~ 25 1
151 NGC 5471 EmG 14 04 28.627 +54 23 52.84           ~ 232 1
152 CXOU J140429.1+542353 SNR 14 04 29.1 +54 23 53           ~ 35 0
153 [LB2005] NGC 5457 X26 X 14 04 29.14 +54 23 53.4           ~ 5 0
154 NAME NGC 5474-X1 UX? 14 04 59.74 +53 38 09.0           ~ 8 0
155 NGC 5474 GiP 14 05 01.608 +53 39 43.95   11.28 10.79     ~ 388 1
156 [SST2011] J141939.39+564137.8 UX? 14 19 39.39 +56 41 37.8           ~ 5 0
157 NGC 5585 GiG 14 19 48.204 +56 43 44.58   11.73 11.216 11.12 10.123 ~ 385 0
158 IGR J16318-4848 HXB 16 31 48.3102815892 -48 49 00.664215918           ~ 158 0
159 Cl* Westerlund 1 W 9 WR* 16 47 04.1422943113 -45 50 31.307461802   21.8 17.47 14.47 11.74 Be 46 0
160 V* V821 Ara HXB 17 02 49.3810714542 -48 47 23.163091737 16.20 16.30 15.5     ~ 1783 0
161 V* RY Sct Be* 18 25 31.4772031860 -12 41 24.196044092 10.25 10.38 9.12 9.46   O9.7Ibep 285 1
162 SS 433 HXB 19 11 49.5645897701 +04 58 57.824087535   16.3 13.0     A7Ib: 1941 3
163 V* V404 Cyg HXB 20 24 03.820 +33 52 01.90 14.50 14.20 12.7     K0IV 1102 0
164 NGC 7793 GiG 23 57 49.7533807411 -32 35 27.708304655 10.26 9.74 9.28 9.06 9.7 ~ 936 2
165 NAME NGC 7793 P13 ULX 23 57 50.90 -32 37 26.6           ~ 120 0

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2020.10.19-19:15:19

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