2019ApJ...878..152L


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.11.13CET04:18:19

2019ApJ...878..152L - Astrophys. J., 878, 152-152 (2019/June-3)

Cold, old, and metal-poor: new stellar substructures in the Milky Way's dwarf spheroidals.

LORA V., GREBEL E.K., SCHMEJA S. and KOCH A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSph) orbiting the Milky Way are complex objects often with complicated star formation histories and internal dynamics. In this work, we search for stellar substructures in four of the classical dSph satellites of the Milky Way: Sextans, Carina, Leo I, and Leo II. We apply two methods to search for stellar substructure: the minimum spanning tree method, which helps us find and quantify spatially connected structures, and the "brute-force" method, which is able to find elongated stellar substructures. We detected the previously known substructure in Sextans and also found a new stellar substructure within Sextans. Furthermore, we identified a new stellar substructure close to the core radius of the Carina dwarf galaxy. We report a detection of one substructure in Leo I and two in Leo II, but we note that we are dealing with a low number of stars in the samples used. Such old stellar substructures in dSphs could help us shed light on the nature of the dark matter halos, within which such structures form, evolve, and survive.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): astronomical databases: miscellaneous - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: evolution - methods: data analysis

CDS comments: Substructure CAR1 is not in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 12

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Number of rows : 12

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Andromeda XXV G 00 30 08.9 +46 51 07     14.8     ~ 77 0
2 NAME Andromeda II G 01 16 29.8 +33 25 09     11.7     ~ 326 0
3 NAME Fornax Dwarf Spheroidal G 02 39 59.3 -34 26 57   9.02 7.4     ~ 1408 1
4 NAME Eridanus II G 03 44 21.1 -43 32 00           ~ 75 0
5 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 14340 1
6 NAME Carina dSph G 06 41 36.7 -50 57 58   22.14 11.0 19.47   ~ 955 0
7 HD 48652 * 06 41 40.3210837123 -51 00 02.632734478   9.53 9.11     F2V 13 0
8 NAME Leo I dSph G 10 08 28.12 +12 18 23.4   11.3 10.0     ~ 1009 1
9 NAME Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy in Sex G 10 13 02.9 -01 36 53   12 10.4     ~ 669 0
10 NAME Leo B G 11 13 28.13 +22 09 10.1   12.9 12.0     ~ 704 0
11 NAME UMi Galaxy G 15 09 11.34 +67 12 51.7   13.60 10.6     ~ 1141 0
12 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11035 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.11.13-04:18:19

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