Properties of the interstellar medium along sight lines to nearby planet-hosting stars.
EDELMAN E., REDFIELD S., LINSKY J.L., WOOD B.E. and MULLER H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyze the high-resolution ultraviolet spectra of three nearby exoplanet host stars (HD 192310, HD 9826, and HD 206860) to study interstellar properties along their lines of sight and to search for the presence of astrospheric absorption. Using the Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph spectra of the Lyα, Mg II, and Fe II lines, we identify three interstellar velocity components in the lines of sight to each star. We can reliably assign eight of the nine components to partially ionized clouds found by Redfield & Linsky (2008) on the basis of the star's location in Galactic coordinates and agreement of measured radial velocities with velocities predicted from the cloud velocity vectors. None of the stars show blueshifted absorption indicative of an astrosphere, implying that the stars are in regions of ionized interstellar gas. Coupling astrospheric and local interstellar medium measurements is necessary to evaluate the host star electromagnetic and particle flux, which have profound impacts on the atmospheres of their orbiting planets. We present a table of all known exoplanets located within 20 pc of the Sun, listing their interstellar properties and velocities predicted from the local cloud velocity vectors.