Astrophys. J., 884, 42-42 (2019/October-2)
Masses and implications for ages of low-mass pre-main-sequence stars in Taurus and Ophiuchus.
SIMON M., GUILLOTEAU S., BECK T.L., CHAPILLON E., DI FOLCO E., DUTREY A., FEIDEN G.A., GROSSO N., PIETU V., PRATO L. and SCHAEFER G.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
The accuracy of masses of pre-main-sequence stars derived from their locations on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (HRD) can be tested by comparison with accurate and precise masses determined independently. We present 29 single stars in the Taurus star-forming region (SFR) and 3 in the Ophiuchus SFR with masses measured dynamically to a precision of at least 10%. Our results include 9 updated mass determinations and 3 that have not had their dynamical masses published before. This list of stars with fundamental, dynamical masses, Mdyn, is drawn from a larger list of 39 targets in the Taurus SFR and 6 in the Ophiuchus SFR. Placing the stars with accurate and precise dynamical masses on HRDs that do not include internal magnetic fields underestimates the mass compared to Mdyn by about 30%. Placing them on an HRD that does include magnetic fields yields mass estimates in much better agreement with Mdyn, with an average difference between Mdyn and the estimated track mass of 0.01 ± 0.02 M☉. The ages of the stars, 3-10 MY on tracks that include magnetic fields, is older than the 1-3 MY indicated by the nonmagnetic models. The older ages of T Tauri stars predicted by the magnetic models increase the time available for evolution of their disks and formation of the giant gas exoplanets. The agreement between our Mdyn values and the masses on the magnetic field tracks provides indirect support for these older ages.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Hertzsprung Russell diagram - Low mass stars - Pre-main sequence stars - Protoplanetary disks
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