2019ApJ...884..169G


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.01.22CET20:53:19

2019ApJ...884..169G - Astrophys. J., 884, 169-169 (2019/October-3)

The X-ray halo scaling relations of supermassive black holes.

GASPARI M., ECKERT D., ETTORI S., TOZZI P., BASSINI L., RASIA E., BRIGHENTI F., SUN M., BORGANI S., JOHNSON S.D., TREMBLAY G.R., STONE J.M., TEMI P., YANG H.-Y.K., TOMBESI F. and CAPPI M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We carry out a comprehensive Bayesian correlation analysis between hot halos and direct masses of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), by retrieving the X-ray plasma properties (temperature, luminosity, density, pressure, and masses) over galactic to cluster scales for 85 diverse systems. We find new key scalings, with the tightest relation being M-Tx, followed by M-Lx. The tighter scatter (down to 0.2 dex) and stronger correlation coefficient of all the X-ray halo scalings compared with the optical counterparts (as the Me) suggest that plasma halos play a more central role than stars in tracing and growing SMBHs (especially those that are ultramassive). Moreover, M correlates better with the gas mass than dark matter mass. We show the important role of the environment, morphology, and relic galaxies/coronae, as well as the main departures from virialization/self-similarity via the optical/X-ray fundamental planes. We test the three major channels for SMBH growth: hot/Bondi-like models have inconsistent anticorrelation with X-ray halos and too low feeding; cosmological simulations find SMBH mergers as subdominant over most of cosmic time and too rare to induce a central-limit-theorem effect; the scalings are consistent with chaotic cold accretion, the rain of matter condensing out of the turbulent X-ray halos that sustains a long-term self-regulated feedback loop. The new correlations are major observational constraints for models of SMBH feeding/feedback in galaxies, groups, and clusters (e.g., to test cosmological hydrodynamical simulations), and enable the study of SMBHs not only through X-rays, but also via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (Compton parameter), lensing (total masses), and cosmology (gas fractions).

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Supermassive black holes - Brightest cluster galaxies - Elliptical galaxies - Lenticular galaxies - Late-type galaxies - Intracluster medium - Circumgalactic medium - Interstellar medium - X-ray astronomy - Optical observation - Hydrodynamical simulations

Simbad objects: 124

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Number of rows : 124

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NAME Eridanus ClG GrG 00 30 00 -21 30.0           ~ 151 0
2 NGC 193 rG 00 39 18.578 +03 19 52.87   14.3       ~ 121 1
3 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2030 2
4 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11155 1
5 NGC 315 LIN 00 57 48.88335 +30 21 08.8122 12.80 12.20 11.16 11.26   ~ 717 2
6 NGC 383 rG 01 07 24.95870 +32 24 45.2140   13.6 12.14     ~ 725 3
7 NGC 410 GiG 01 10 58.872 +33 09 07.30 13.08 12.52 11.48     ~ 133 2
8 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.707 +09 32 19.65   11.5       ~ 427 1
9 NGC 541 IG 01 25 44.305 -01 22 46.19 13.42 13.03 12.08     ~ 190 2
10 NGC 547 GiP 01 26 00.577 -01 20 42.43   13.16 13.34     ~ 320 3
11 NGC 741 rG 01 56 20.959 +05 37 43.77   13.2       ~ 267 2
12 MCG+02-06-022 G 02 04 50.754 +11 25 22.04   15.5       ~ 14 0
13 NGC 821 G 02 08 21.150 +10 59 41.53   12.210 11.310 10.739 9.744 ~ 542 0
14 UGC 1841 Sy1 02 23 11.41124 +42 59 31.3840   15.71 14.81     ~ 532 2
15 NGC 988 EmG 02 35 27.730 -09 21 21.61   11.73   11.01 11.6 ~ 79 0
16 NAME Fornax Dwarf Spheroidal G 02 39 59.3 -34 26 57   9.02 7.4     ~ 1506 1
17 NGC 1023 IG 02 40 24.012 +39 03 47.70 10.91 10.35 9.35 7.83   ~ 609 2
18 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.79851 -08 15 20.7517 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1166 2
19 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3602 3
20 NGC 1277 GiG 03 19 51.488 +41 34 24.26   14.9       ~ 158 0
21 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1222 1
22 NGC 1332 GiP 03 26 17.321 -21 20 07.33   11.45   9.84   ~ 312 0
23 NGC 1374 GiP 03 35 16.598 -35 13 34.50 12.46 11.97 11.08 10.59   ~ 261 1
24 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1468 1
25 NGC 1407 GiG 03 40 11.904 -18 34 49.36   10.64 9.67 9.13   ~ 532 1
26 NGC 1550 BiC 04 19 37.921 +02 24 35.58   14.0       ~ 155 1
27 NGC 1600 GiG 04 31 39.858 -05 05 09.97   8.9   10.81   ~ 334 0
28 NGC 1667 Sy2 04 48 37.205 -06 19 11.47   13.66 12.86 11.72   ~ 337 1
29 NGC 1961 LIN 05 42 04.775 +69 22 42.17   11.73 10.99     ~ 308 3
30 NGC 2110 Sy2 05 52 11.3760694860 -07 27 22.489931610   14.77 13.51 11.86   ~ 598 1
31 ZwCl 0735+7421 ClG 07 41 40.3 +74 14 58     17.70     ~ 222 0
32 Mrk 1216 LIN 08 28 47.122 -06 56 24.64   15.5       ~ 48 0
33 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6043000282 +69 12 11.642887220   12.92 11.79     ~ 323 0
34 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.17306143 +69 03 55.0609270   7.89 6.94     ~ 4030 5
35 HCG 42 CGG 10 00 13.1 -19 38 24           ~ 96 0
36 NGC 3091 BiC 10 00 14.125 -19 38 11.32   12.04 10.61 10.56 9.25 ~ 163 0
37 NGC 3115 GiG 10 05 13.978 -07 43 06.89   11   9.37   ~ 939 2
38 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3853542210 +28 30 26.626222848   11.6       ~ 315 0
39 NGC 3377 GiP 10 47 42.400 +13 59 08.30 11.55 11.24 10.38     ~ 733 1
40 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1390 0
41 NGC 3414 GiP 10 51 16.242 +27 58 29.88   12.1       ~ 300 0
42 NGC 3585 GiG 11 13 17.109 -26 45 17.96   10.64   9.22   ~ 265 0
43 NAME Leo B G 11 13 28.13 +22 09 10.1   12.9 12.0     ~ 751 0
44 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 439 0
45 NGC 3608 LIN 11 16 58.967 +18 08 54.71   11.7       ~ 481 0
46 NGC 3665 rG 11 24 43.630 +38 45 46.05 13.71 13.26 11.62     ~ 305 1
47 NGC 3801 LIN 11 40 16.897 +17 43 40.48   13.3       ~ 187 1
48 NGC 3842 BiC 11 44 02.155 +19 56 59.37 14.22 13.70 11.82 12.04   ~ 256 3
49 ACO 1367 ClG 11 44 44.6 +19 41 59           ~ 1004 1
50 3C 264.0 QSO 11 45 05.0090520 +19 36 22.741257   14.98 13.97     ~ 542 2
51 NGC 3923 GiG 11 51 01.783 -28 48 22.36 11.41 10.59 9.80 8.88   ~ 403 1
52 NGC 3945 GiG 11 53 13.726 +60 40 32.02   11.6       ~ 225 0
53 NGC 3998 SyG 11 57 56.1333561013 +55 27 12.925850484   11.64 12.10 10.09   ~ 585 2
54 NGC 4026 GiP 11 59 25.0903700828 +50 57 41.935297936   12.17       ~ 241 0
55 NGC 4036 LIN 12 01 26.891 +61 53 44.52   12.18 11.20     ~ 237 0
56 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5771747733 +39 24 21.057727323   12.18 11.48     ~ 3423 2
57 NGC 4203 LIN 12 15 05.0543630359 +33 11 50.401356393   12.98 11.99     ~ 460 2
58 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2154 3
59 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1131 0
60 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.8253868 +29 16 50.713486 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 894 2
61 NGC 4291 GiG 12 20 17.699 +75 22 15.47   17.0       ~ 284 1
62 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9275149050 +04 28 25.588335799 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 888 2
63 NGC 4342 GiP 12 23 39.024 +07 03 14.17   13.0       ~ 288 0
64 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1656 2
65 M 85 GiP 12 25 24.053 +18 11 27.89   10.2       ~ 608 0
66 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.089 +31 13 24.76 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 520 2
67 NAME Vir I ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24   10.00 8.49     ~ 5952 0
68 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.026 +13 58 42.89   11.6       ~ 498 0
69 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 1980 2
70 NGC 4473 GiG 12 29 48.878 +13 25 45.55 11.60 11.16 10.20     ~ 610 1
71 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6322 3
72 UGC 7658 GiG 12 30 57.730 +12 16 13.30   11.2       ~ 211 0
73 NGC 4526 GiG 12 34 03.029 +07 41 56.90   10.6       ~ 605 1
74 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8073444 +12 33 22.830809 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 935 2
75 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.994 +11 26 21.55 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 567 1
76 NGC 4596 GiP 12 39 55.9543662681 +10 10 34.181826559   12.4       ~ 339 0
77 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.43185 -11 37 22.9954 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1294 3
78 M 59 GiG 12 42 02.322 +11 38 48.95   11.0       ~ 665 0
79 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.867 +02 41 16.01   12.62 11.84     ~ 1047 1
80 M 60 GiP 12 43 40.008 +11 33 09.40   10.3       ~ 1263 0
81 NGC 4697 GiG 12 48 35.8992791099 -05 48 02.497675635   10.97   9.83   ~ 810 0
82 NGC 4751 GiG 12 52 50.7516434776 -42 39 35.527368930   12.99   11.26   ~ 68 0
83 NGC 4889 BiC 13 00 08.097 +27 58 37.29 12.93 13.0 11.30 11.652 10.906 ~ 655 1
84 NGC 5018 GiP 13 13 01.000 -19 31 05.87   11.71   10.31   ~ 288 1
85 NGC 5044 BiC 13 15 23.969 -16 23 08.00   11.9   10.74   ~ 459 0
86 NGC 5077 GiP 13 19 31.66964077 -12 39 25.0754790   13.87 12.85 11.30   ~ 273 0
87 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4055 3
88 NAME CVn I dSph G 13 28 03.5 +33 33 21     13.1     ~ 266 1
89 ACO 3565 ClG 13 36 39 -33 58.3           ~ 102 1
90 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 452 2
91 ACO 1795 ClG 13 49 00.5 +26 35 07           ~ 1174 0
92 NGC 5328 GiG 13 52 53.313 -28 29 21.38   12.74   11.11   ~ 92 0
93 ACO 1836 ClG 14 01 40 -11 36.5           ~ 76 0
94 MCG-02-36-002 BiC 14 01 41.865 -11 36 25.16   15.00       ~ 101 2
95 ACO S 753 ClG 14 03 35.9 -33 59 16           ~ 80 1
96 NGC 5419 BiC 14 03 38.771 -33 58 42.20   11.77 11.33 10.21   ~ 173 2
97 NGC 5566 G 14 20 19.948 +03 56 00.92 11.91 11.46 10.55     ~ 172 2
98 NGC 5576 GiP 14 21 03.691 +03 16 15.78 12.25 11.85 10.96     ~ 306 1
99 NGC 5813 LIN 15 01 11.265 +01 42 07.09 12.00 11.45 10.46 10.06   ~ 587 1
100 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.787 +01 38 01.77   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 359 0
101 NGC 5846 BiC 15 06 29.253 +01 36 20.29   11.9   9.74   ~ 784 1
102 UGC 9799 Sy2 15 16 44.4894653562 +07 01 17.830884159   15.19 14.17     ~ 419 3
103 ACO 2162 ClG 16 12 30.0 +29 32 23           ~ 143 0
104 NGC 6086 BiC 16 12 35.531 +29 29 05.19   14.8       ~ 178 1
105 NGC 6251 Sy2 16 32 31.96990024 +82 32 16.3999540 15.24 14.66 12.89 7.62   ~ 678 0
106 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1506 2
107 NGC 6240S PoG 16 52 58.96 +02 24 01.0         14.4 ~ 28 0
108 NAME Cyg A Sy2 19 59 28.35645829 +40 44 02.0966496   16.22 15.10     ~ 2142 2
109 NGC 6861 GiP 20 07 19.482 -48 22 12.94   12.01 11.10 10.43   ~ 164 0
110 NGC 6868 GiP 20 09 54.082 -48 22 46.25   11.58 9.22 10.01 7.91 ~ 206 1
111 NGC 7052 rG 21 18 33.047 +26 26 48.65 15.52 14.85 13.09     ~ 302 1
112 UGC 12064 AGN 22 31 20.625 +39 21 29.81   14.6       ~ 421 1
113 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.102 +34 24 57.31 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1126 2
114 IC 1459 GiP 22 57 10.60677155 -36 27 43.9953697   10.96 11.85 9.34 10.3 ~ 580 2
115 NGC 7457 G 23 00 59.9274269967 +30 08 41.794468187   11.04 11.87     ~ 411 0
116 NAME Grus GrG 23 18 -42.4           ~ 37 0
117 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 819 2
118 NGC 7619 GiG 23 20 14.524 +08 12 22.63   12.7       ~ 408 0
119 NAME NGC 7619 Group GrG 23 20 32.1 +08 22 26           ~ 44 0
120 NGC 7626 rG 23 20 42.524 +08 13 01.43   12.8       ~ 405 1
121 NAME Peg Dwarf Irregular Galaxy G 23 28 35.2 +14 44 35 13.85 13.16 12.52     ~ 424 1
122 ACO 2666 ClG 23 50 56.2 +27 08 41           ~ 202 0
123 NGC 7768 BiC 23 50 58.555 +27 08 50.43   14.0 14.23     ~ 173 0
124 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7142 0

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2021.01.22-20:53:19

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