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2019ApJ...884..170P - Astrophys. J., 884, 170-170 (2019/October-3)

A VLA polarimetric study of the Galactic Center Radio Arc: characterizing polarization, rotation measure, and magnetic field properties.


Abstract (from CDS):

The Radio Arc is one of the brightest systems of nonthermal filaments (NTFs) in the Galactic Center, located near several prominent H II regions (Sickle and Pistol) and the Quintuplet stellar cluster. We present observations of the Arc NTFs using the S, C, and X bands of the Very Large Array interferometer. Our images of total intensity reveal large-scale helical features that surround the Arc NTFs, very narrow subfilamentation, and compact sources along the NTFs. The distribution of polarized intensity is confined to a relatively small area along the NTFs. There are elongated polarized structures that appear to lack total intensity counterparts. We detect a range of rotation measure values from -1000 to -5800 rad m–2, likely caused by external Faraday rotation along the line of sight. After correcting for Faraday rotation, the intrinsic magnetic field orientation is found to generally trace the extent of the NTFs. However, the intrinsic magnetic field in several regions of the Arc NTFs shows an ordered pattern that is rotated with respect to the extent of the NTFs. We suggest this changing pattern may be caused by an additional magnetized source along the line of sight, so that we observe two field systems superposed in our observations. We suggest that the large-scale helical segments near the Radio Arc could be components of such a source causing these changes in the intrinsic magnetic field, and some variations in the polarization and rotation measure values along the NTFs.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Galactic center - Galaxy magnetic fields - Milky Way magnetic fields - Interstellar synchrotron emission - Radio astronomy - Very Large Array - Radio continuum emission - Non-thermal radiation sources

Simbad objects: 19

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