Astrophys. J., 886, 83-83 (2019/December-1)
Probing structure in cold gas at z <= 1 with gravitationally lensed quasar sight lines.
KULKARNI V.P., CASHMAN F.H., LOPEZ S., ELLISON S.L., SOM D. and MAUREIRA M.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Absorption spectroscopy of gravitationally lensed quasars (GLQs) enables study of spatial variations in the interstellar and/or circumgalactic medium of foreground galaxies. We report observations of four GLQs, each with two images separated by 0.''8-3.''0, that show strong absorbers at redshifts 0.4 < zabs < 1.3 in their spectra, including some at the lens redshift with impact parameters 1.5-6.9 kpc. We measure H I Lyman lines along two sight lines each in five absorbers (10 sight lines in total) using Hubble Space Telescope Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, and metal lines using Magellan Echellette or Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Our data have doubled the lens galaxy sample with measurements of H I column densities (N_H I_) and metal abundances along multiple sight lines. Our data, combined with the literature, show no strong correlation between absolute values of differences in N_H I_, N_Fe II_, or [Fe/H] and the sight line separations at the absorber redshifts for separations of 0-8 kpc. The estimated abundance gradients show a tentative anticorrelation with abundances at galaxy centers. Some lens galaxies show inverted gradients, possibly suggesting central dilution by mergers or infall of metal-poor gas. [Fe/H] measurements and masses estimated from GLQ astrometry suggest the lens galaxies lie below the total mass-metallicity relation for early-type galaxies as well as measurements for quasar-galaxy pairs and gravitationally lensed galaxies at comparable redshifts. This difference may arise in part from the dust depletion of Fe. Higher resolution measurements of H and metals (especially undepleted elements) for more GLQ absorbers and accurate lens redshifts are needed to confirm these trends.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: ISM - gravitational lensing: strong - quasars: absorption lines
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