Astrophys. J., 887, 107-107 (2019/December-3)
First identification of 10 kpc [C II] 158 µm halos around star-forming galaxies at z = 5-7.
FUJIMOTO S., OUCHI M., FERRARA A., PALLOTTINI A., IVISON R.J., BEHRENS C., GALLERANI S., ARATA S., YAJIMA H. and NAGAMINE K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of 10 kpc [C II] 158 µm halos surrounding star-forming galaxies in the early universe. We choose deep Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array data for 18 galaxies, each with a star formation rate of ≃10-70 M☉ with no signature of an active galactic nucleus whose [C II] lines are individually detected at z = 5.153-7.142, and we conduct stacking of the [C II] lines and dust continuum in the uv-visibility plane. The radial profiles of the surface brightnesses show a 10 kpc scale [C II] halo at the 9.2σ level, significantly more extended than the Hubble Space Telescope stellar continuum data by a factor of ∼5 on the exponential-profile basis, as well as the dust continuum. We compare the radial profiles of [C II] and Lyα halos universally found in star-forming galaxies at this epoch, and we find that the scale lengths agree within the 1σ level. While two independent hydrodynamic zoom-in simulations match the dust and stellar continuum properties, the simulations cannot reproduce the extended [C II] line emission. The existence of the extended [C II] halo is evidence of outflow remnants in the early galaxies and suggests that the outflows may be dominated by cold-mode outflows expelling the neutral gas.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: high-redshift
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