2019ApJ...887..261M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.04.14CEST13:03:07

2019ApJ...887..261M - Astrophys. J., 887, 261-261 (2019/December-3)

Exomoons in the habitable zones of M dwarfs.

MARTINEZ-RODRIGUEZ H., CABALLERO J.A., CIFUENTES C., PIRO A.L. and BARNES R.

Abstract (from CDS):

M dwarfs host most of the exoplanets in the local Milky Way. Some of these planets, ranging from sub-Earths to super-Jupiters, orbit in their stars' habitable zones (HZs), although many likely possess surface environments that preclude habitability. Moreover, exomoons around these planets could harbor life for long timescales and thus may also be targets for biosignature surveys. Here we investigate the potential habitability, stability, and detectability of exomoons around exoplanets orbiting M dwarfs. We first compile an updated list of known M-dwarf exoplanet hosts, comprising 109 stars and 205 planets. For each M dwarf, we compute and update precise luminosities with the Virtual Observatory spectral energy distribution Analyzer and Gaia DR2 parallaxes to determine inner and outer boundaries of their HZs. For each planet, we retrieve (or, when necessary, homogeneously estimate) their masses and radii, calculate the long-term dynamical stability of hypothetical moons, and identify those planets that can support habitable moons. We find that 33 exoplanet candidates are located in the HZs of their host stars and that four of them could host Moon- to Titan-mass exomoons for timescales longer than the Hubble time.

Abstract Copyright: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Astrobiology - Late-type dwarf stars - Dynamical evolution - Exoplanet systems

Status at CDS : Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 160

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Number of rows : 160

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 V* GX And Er* 00 18 22.8849667932 +44 01 22.637271919   10.120   7.3   M2V 469 0
2 K2-149 * 00 39 17.2527840890 +07 16 37.536061696           M1.0V 2 0
3 CD-44 170 PM* 00 39 58.8243310853 -44 15 11.582410229 14.079 12.888 11.401 10.433 9.371 M4V 68 0
4 NAME G 268-38c Pl 00 44 59.3314993038 -15 16 17.543124886           ~ 27 0
5 G 268-38 PM* 00 44 59.3314993038 -15 16 17.543124886     14.150 13.801   M4.5 88 0
6 NAME G 268-38b Pl 00 44 59.3314993038 -15 16 17.543124886           ~ 98 0
7 DENIS J010212.2-614521 PM* 01 02 12.2812327851 -61 45 21.659877600   16.94   15.18 14.01 ~ 4 0
8 BD+61 195 PM* 01 02 38.8679928575 +62 20 42.172837073   11.439   8.7   M1.5V 207 0
9 V* YZ Cet Er* 01 12 30.6367741360 -16 59 56.361313690 15.315 13.885 12.074 10.696 8.938 M4.0Ve 212 0
10 EPIC 220598331 PM* 01 13 22.6049465657 +08 59 15.155504396           M2.5V 2 0
11 EPIC 220621087 PM* 01 17 13.0875679632 +09 30 05.008359220           M1.5V 6 0
12 BD-17 400 PM* 02 09 10.9012576937 -16 20 22.528730485   12.82 10.877 10.530   K9Vk: 39 0
13 BD+47 612 PM* 02 22 14.6440695182 +47 52 48.110234827   10.85   9.104   M0V 118 0
14 BD+47 612b Pl 02 22 14.6440695182 +47 52 48.110234827           ~ 6 0
15 CD-23 1056b Pl 02 46 42.8866903919 -23 05 11.802472662           ~ 4 1
16 CD-23 1056 PM* 02 46 42.8866903919 -23 05 11.802472662 12.911 11.651 10.237 9.36 8.544 K5V 51 1
17 LP 413-32 B PM* 03 41 46.4267389084 +18 16 07.716767389           M3V 4 0
18 BD-21 784 PM* 04 06 34.8414407294 -20 51 11.225911422 12.095 10.904 9.675 8.93 8.309 K7V 65 0
19 L 229-91 PM* 04 09 15.6684896752 -53 22 25.289691709 14.397 13.302 11.811 10.734 9.32 M3.5 78 2
20 K2-25 PM* 04 13 05.6134710701 +15 14 52.013808246   15.81 15.56 13.72   M4.5V 39 0
21 LP 415-17 PM* 04 21 52.4847989858 +21 21 12.937622502   14.07   12.46   K6V 17 0
22 Cl Melotte 25 OpC 04 26 54.00 +15 52 00.0           ~ 2752 0
23 L 591-6 PM* 04 28 35.7191714589 -25 10 09.297757491   13.6 11.962 11.629   M2.5 34 0
24 NAME L 591-6d Pl 04 28 35.7191714589 -25 10 09.297757491           ~ 7 0
25 V* V830 Tau TT* 04 33 10.0299730541 +24 33 43.255853678   13.91 12.08 11.30   M0-1 179 1
26 L 231-32 PM* 04 33 39.7202257810 -51 57 22.436253190     12.617 12.147   M3.0V 17 0
27 LP 358-499 PM* 04 40 35.6389148796 +25 00 36.047186428   15.63   13.4   M2V 11 0
28 HD 285968 PM* 04 42 55.7753203198 +18 57 29.394344631 12.668 11.49 9.951 8.931 7.702 M2.5V 269 2
29 Wolf 1539 PM* 04 52 05.7323109095 +06 28 35.589503596 14.791 13.568 12.018 10.854 9.334 M2V 132 1
30 L 736-30 PM* 04 53 49.9799241551 -17 46 24.309239662 13.598 12.443 10.894 9.876 8.671 M3V 86 0
31 LP 656-38 PM* 05 01 57.4261049715 -06 56 46.371875101   13.92 12.196 11.791 9.175 M4.0Ve 98 0
32 HD 33793 Ro* 05 11 40.5893175460 -45 01 06.353955874 11.624 10.433 8.853 7.9 6.899 M1VIp 293 0
33 CD-31 2312 PM* 05 15 46.7163066861 -31 17 45.316067995   13.58 12.080 11.679 9.82 M2 32 0
34 CVSO 30 TT* 05 25 07.5563565811 +01 34 24.349287546     16.26 15.88 13.70 M3 44 1
35 NGTS-1 PM* 05 30 51.4522866697 -36 37 50.896558281   16.94 15.57 15.36 13.97 ~ 7 0
36 NGTS-1b Pl 05 30 51.4522866697 -36 37 50.896558281           ~ 30 0
37 HATS-6 * 05 52 35.2366541380 -19 01 53.970515066   16.664 15.160     M1V 12 0
38 HATS-6b Pl 05 52 35.2366541380 -19 01 53.970515066           ~ 36 0
39 BD-06 1339 PM* 05 53 00.2845591992 -05 59 41.442052694 12.27 11.041 9.693 8.855 8.099 K7V/M0V 74 1
40 BD-06 1339c Pl 05 53 00.2845591992 -05 59 41.442052694           ~ 6 1
41 HD 41004B PM* 05 59 49.6473573887 -48 14 22.805780232   13.85 12.33     M 53 1
42 HD 42581 Er* 06 10 34.6152510171 -21 51 52.658021185 10.801 9.607 8.125 7.164 6.121 M1V 414 0
43 K2-26 V* 06 16 49.5753552670 +24 35 46.793112417   15.97 14.53 14.18   M1.0V 9 0
44 BD+05 1668 PM* 07 27 24.49975 +05 13 32.8332 12.558 11.443 9.872 8.699 7.161 M3.5V 353 0
45 LP 424-4 PM* 07 59 05.8395618539 +15 23 29.240025256   13.5   11.934   M2.0Ve 80 1
46 NAME LP 424-4b Pl 07 59 05.8395618539 +15 23 29.240025256           ~ 188 1
47 K2-95 * 08 37 27.0563002037 +18 58 36.022931591   19.86 17.27     M3V 35 0
48 K2-146 LM* 08 40 06.4242175742 +19 05 34.429575829   17.87 16.25 15.97   M3.0V 18 0
49 NGC 2632 OpC 08 40 24 +19 40.0           ~ 1296 0
50 L 675-81 PM* 08 40 59.2055621000 -23 27 22.598649814   13.2 11.975 11.637 9.37 M3.5V 115 1
51 K2-264 * 08 45 26.0461681388 +19 41 54.446282894   18.33 16.41     M1.6 15 0
52 BD+02 2098 PM* 08 55 07.6219262945 +01 32 47.416477421 12.642 11.30 9.997 9.072 8.204 M0V 94 1
53 K2-117 LM* 08 55 25.3640817916 +10 28 08.903605222           M1.0V 11 0
54 NAME L 678-39b Pl 09 36 01.6372518187 -21 39 38.878281901           ~ 20 0
55 BD+48 1829 PM* 10 02 21.7516441689 +48 05 19.687165248       9.4   M1V 80 0
56 NAME L 320-124b Pl 10 14 51.7783473599 -47 09 24.189733387           ~ 101 0
57 L 320-124 PM* 10 14 51.7783473599 -47 09 24.189733387       13.067   M4 77 0
58 V* DW UMa CV* 10 33 52.8751166936 +58 46 54.719916520   14.33   14.33 14.35 ~ 217 0
59 K2-239 * 10 42 22.6341758221 +04 26 28.888695990   16.21 14.55 14.14   M3V 6 0
60 CD-30 8858 PM* 10 58 35.0882416961 -31 08 38.201364876     11.926 11.588 9.63 M2 42 1
61 HD 95735 Er* 11 03 20.19400 +35 58 11.5682 10.030 8.960 7.520 5.99 4.79 M2+V 644 0
62 HD 304043 PM* 11 16 00.2045864202 -57 32 51.571393210 13.666 12.848 11.516 10.497 9.132 M3.5 54 1
63 K2-22 LM* 11 17 55.8771414480 +02 37 08.603887613   17.04 15.60 15.38   K7V 27 0
64 K2-3 PM* 11 29 20.3917940095 -01 27 17.279810476   13.52 12.17 11.88   M1V 54 0
65 K2-3d Pl 11 29 20.3917940095 -01 27 17.279810476           ~ 34 0
66 K2-3c Pl 11 29 20.3917940095 -01 27 17.279810476           ~ 28 0
67 K2-3b Pl 11 29 20.3917940095 -01 27 17.279810476           ~ 32 0
68 K2-18b Pl 11 30 14.5176249117 +07 35 18.257210626           ~ 63 0
69 K2-18 PM* 11 30 14.5176249117 +07 35 18.257210626   15.01 13.50 13.24   dM2.5 54 0
70 CD-31 9113 PM* 11 35 26.9474098036 -32 32 23.883014588 12.508 11.322 9.813 8.821 7.664 M2V 134 1
71 Ross 1003 PM* 11 41 44.6360191016 +42 45 07.104818145   13.36 13.795 11.524 9.18 M4.0Ve 104 1
72 Ross 1003b Pl 11 41 44.6360191016 +42 45 07.104818145           ~ 16 1
73 Ross 905 PM* 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337   12.06 10.613 10.272 8.24 M3V 520 1
74 Ross 905b Pl 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337           ~ 642 1
75 LP 613-39 PM* 11 45 03.4701946785 +00 00 19.057864089   16.6   15.33   M2.5V 23 0
76 Ross 128 Er* 11 47 44.3968668170 +00 48 16.404931305 14.223 12.905 11.153 9.859 8.184 dM4 353 0
77 EPIC 201128338 PM* 12 06 31.8743129011 -05 49 38.681716086           M0.0V 5 0
78 EPIC 201598502 PM* 12 15 14.2068253232 +02 01 15.404880503           M3.0V 4 0
79 K2-137 PM* 12 27 28.9849025214 -06 11 42.829537960   17.007 15.498     M3V 4 0
80 K2-137b Pl 12 27 28.9849025214 -06 11 42.829537960           ~ 14 0
81 K2-154 * 12 36 00.3633716874 -02 40 10.102243069           M0.0V 4 0
82 Ross 1020 PM* 13 22 56.7478620635 +24 28 03.602504694   14.55   12.577   M4V 52 0
83 HD 122303 PM* 14 01 03.1881878880 -02 39 17.514921066 12.343 11.177 9.707 8.745 7.66 M0V 134 0
84 NAME Proxima Centauri b Pl 14 29 42.9451234609 -62 40 46.170818907           ~ 247 0
85 NAME Proxima Centauri Er* 14 29 42.9451234609 -62 40 46.170818907 14.21 12.95 11.13 9.45 7.41 M5.5Ve 1028 0
86 EPIC 249801827 PM* 15 11 23.9073933835 -17 52 30.796117443           M0-5V 4 0
87 BD-07 4003 BY* 15 19 26.8271336166 -07 43 20.190958776 13.403 11.76 10.560 9.461 8.911 M3V 552 2
88 K2-286 PM* 15 33 28.6942274425 -16 46 23.723117539   14.12 12.76 12.39   ~ 2 0
89 LP 563-38 EB* 15 46 04.3031912198 +04 41 30.057970327   17.1   15.0   M5.1 27 1
90 GJ 3942 PM* 16 09 03.1411378130 +52 56 37.958424161       9.706   M0.5Ve 50 0
91 K2-33 Y*O 16 10 14.7378782154 -19 19 09.407200797   17.353       dM3.0 39 0
92 K2-33b Pl 16 10 14.7378782154 -19 19 09.407200797           ~ 39 0
93 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 1094 1
94 LP 804-27 PM* 16 12 41.7802216507 -18 52 31.811210360 14.015 12.88 11.372 10.289 9.37 M3V 56 1
95 HD 147379b Pl 16 16 42.7466017485 +67 14 19.830690618           ~ 10 0
96 HD 147379 PM* 16 16 42.7466017485 +67 14 19.830690618   10.01   8.730   M1-Ve 195 0
97 G 202-48 PM* 16 25 24.6233091302 +54 18 14.765751243   11.78 10.07 9.66   M1.5V 167 0
98 BD-12 4523 BY* 16 30 18.0582010683 -12 39 45.323235188 12.829 11.638 10.072 8.917 7.421 M3V 268 0
99 BD+25 3173 PM* 16 58 08.8497933735 +25 44 38.971120252 12.342 11.139 9.655 8.685 7.602 M2V 184 1
100 G 139-21 PM* 17 15 18.9337265994 +04 57 50.064695682       14.394   M4.5V 255 1
101 NAME G 139-21b Pl 17 15 18.9337265994 +04 57 50.064695682           ~ 571 1
102 BD+11 3149 PM* 17 16 00.6367305760 +11 03 27.613687917 13.521 12.338 10.828 9.858 8.767 M1V 52 0
103 HD 156384C PM* 17 18 58.8271844065 -34 59 48.612934284 12.96 11.79 10.22 10.05 8.82 M1.5V 173 1
104 HD 156384Ce Pl 17 18 58.8271844065 -34 59 48.612934284           ~ 11 0
105 CD-46 11540 LM* 17 28 39.9455601300 -46 53 42.693246243 12.177 10.973 9.407 8.337 7.006 M3V 217 1
106 CD-51 10924 PM* 17 30 11.2030058822 -51 38 13.139736838 12.317 11.028 9.585 8.675 8.60 M0V 87 1
107 BD+68 946 PM* 17 36 25.8991699744 +68 20 20.904135942 11.73 10.65   8.3   M3.0V 258 0
108 CD-44 11909 PM* 17 37 03.6657231894 -44 19 09.168952602 13.791 12.593 10.946 9.729 8.145 M3.5 105 0
109 CD-44 11909c Pl 17 37 03.6657231894 -44 19 09.168952602           ~ 4 0
110 BD+18 3421 PM* 17 37 53.3467427850 +18 35 30.160739363 12.315 11.109 9.577 8.599 7.525 M1.5Ve 173 0
111 NAME Barnard's star BY* 17 57 48.4997994034 +04 41 36.111354228 12.497 11.24 9.511 8.298 6.741 M4V 686 2
112 * alf Lyr dS* 18 36 56.33635 +38 47 01.2802 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.10 A0Va 2541 0
113 Kepler-83 Ro* 18 48 55.8019922521 +43 39 56.249719563           M0V 48 1
114 Kepler-446 * 18 49 00.0433266953 +44 55 15.979278683           M4V 32 0
115 Kepler-303 Ro* 18 52 32.5103311343 +43 39 25.323158167           M0V 33 0
116 Kepler-617 Ro* 18 54 57.7739282682 +47 30 58.629214577           M1V 31 0
117 Kepler-236 Ro* 18 55 27.9303913206 +39 53 53.158939928           M1V 40 0
118 Kepler-235 Ro* 19 04 18.9843376231 +39 16 41.943805645           M0V 56 0
119 Kepler-52 Ro* 19 06 57.1300396238 +49 58 32.636369046           M0V 55 1
120 Kepler-155 Ro* 19 13 58.9967471123 +51 04 55.052241442           M0V 37 0
121 HD 180617b Pl 19 16 55.2565250393 +05 10 08.038856129           ~ 4 0
122 HD 180617 Ro* 19 16 55.2565250393 +05 10 08.038856129 11.768 10.63 9.115 8.076 6.782 M3-V 365 0
123 Kepler-138b Pl 19 21 31.5681629849 +43 17 34.680374646           ~ 43 0
124 Kepler-138 Ro* 19 21 31.5681629849 +43 17 34.680374646           M1V 86 0
125 Kepler-1660 EB* 19 22 12.4656559706 +40 14 06.138100926           F5V 19 0
126 Kepler-42 Er* 19 28 52.5687991194 +44 37 08.990276298   17.8   16.06   M4V 102 1
127 Kepler-42b Pl 19 28 52.5687991194 +44 37 08.990276298           ~ 35 1
128 Kepler-42c Pl 19 28 52.5687991194 +44 37 08.990276298           ~ 42 1
129 Kepler-42d Pl 19 28 52.5687991194 +44 37 08.990276298           ~ 33 1
130 Kepler-49 Ro* 19 29 10.6953557924 +40 35 30.457826907           M1V 59 1
131 Kepler-1649 PM* 19 30 00.9006122986 +41 49 49.513849537   19.1   16.6   ~ 21 0
132 Kepler-45b Pl 19 31 29.4966619067 +41 03 51.356309221           ~ 64 1
133 Kepler-45 Ro* 19 31 29.4966619067 +41 03 51.356309221     16.88 16.63   M1V 77 1
134 Kepler-231 Ro* 19 35 53.6057119975 +50 31 54.841343679           M1V 38 0
135 Kepler-54 Ro* 19 39 05.7418295788 +43 03 22.598054666           M1V 56 1
136 Kepler-1625b Pl 19 41 43.0401596937 +39 53 11.498985535           ~ 48 1
137 Kepler-252 Ro* 19 42 19.0425594071 +44 32 45.417641874           M0V 32 0
138 Kepler-32 Ro* 19 51 22.1742182229 +46 34 27.389715146           M1V 88 1
139 Kepler-64 EB* 19 52 51.6169691968 +39 57 18.370395541           ~ 82 1
140 Kepler-125 Ro* 19 53 01.9454146165 +47 36 17.846522331           M1V 46 0
141 Kepler-125c Pl 19 53 01.9454146165 +47 36 17.846522331           ~ 19 0
142 Kepler-186 Ro* 19 54 36.6536205214 +43 57 18.025893926           M1V 102 0
143 Kepler-186f Pl 19 54 36.6536205214 +43 57 18.025893926           ~ 68 0
144 Kepler-445 PM* 19 54 56.6591547317 +46 29 54.796304514   19.2   17.1   M4V 35 0
145 Kepler-267 Ro* 19 59 19.2922756714 +47 09 26.897066180           M1V 43 0
146 HD 204961 PM* 21 33 33.9749932664 -49 00 32.403471949 11.359 10.176 8.672 7.665 6.479 M2/3V 223 1
147 HD 208527 * 21 56 23.9845774113 +21 14 23.486334463 10.090 8.060 6.370     K5V 59 1
148 BD-05 5715 PM* 22 09 40.3443754647 -04 38 26.651267098 13.006 11.868 10.366 9.279 7.877 M3.5V 233 1
149 BD-05 5715c Pl? 22 09 40.3443754647 -04 38 26.651267098           ~ 4 0
150 L 788-37 PM* 22 13 42.8628179730 -17 41 08.676495139   15.32 13.672 13.443   dM4.5 54 0
151 LP 700-6 LM* 22 22 29.8611838736 -07 57 19.853536753     15.81     M4V 15 0
152 K2-21 LM* 22 41 12.8861743822 -14 29 20.349095360   14.14 12.85     M0V 16 0
153 LHS 3844 PM* 22 41 58.1173365142 -69 10 08.320922853   17.3       ~ 27 0
154 BD-15 6290c Pl 22 53 16.7323107416 -14 15 49.303409936           ~ 170 1
155 BD-15 6290b Pl 22 53 16.7323107416 -14 15 49.303409936           ~ 223 1
156 BD-15 6290 BY* 22 53 16.7323107416 -14 15 49.303409936 12.928 11.749 10.192 9.013 7.462 M3.5V 880 1
157 TRAPPIST-1d Pl 23 06 29.3684052886 -05 02 29.031690445           ~ 132 0
158 TRAPPIST-1 LM* 23 06 29.3684052886 -05 02 29.031690445     18.798 16.466 14.024 M7.5e 581 0
159 TRAPPIST-1h Pl 23 06 29.3684052886 -05 02 29.031690445           ~ 78 0
160 HD 220074 * 23 20 14.3786868809 +61 58 12.464680364 10.070 8.070 6.400     M2III 33 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.04.14-13:03:07

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