Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 484, 1983-1987 (2019/April-1)
Braking index jumps in young pulsars.
Abstract (from CDS):
The departure of all measured pulsar braking indexes from the 'canonical' dipole value 3 has been attributed to several causes in the past. Careful monitoring of the Crab pulsar has revealed permanent changes in the spin-down rate that are most likely the accumulation of small jumps in the angle α between the magnetic and spin axis. Recently, a large permanent change in the braking index of the in the 'Crab twin' pulsar B0540-69 has been reported, and an analogous phenomenon seen in the high-field pulsar PSR 1846-0258 has been seen following a glitch, while another similar event (in PSR J119-6127) needs to be confirmed. We argue in this work that a common physical origin of all these observations can be attributed to the counter-alignment of the axis without serious violations of the observed features and with very modest inferred values of the hypothesized jump in the α angle. In addition, detected increases of the X-ray luminosities after the events are an additional ingredient for this interpretation. We argue that a component of a time-dependent torque has been identified, being an important ingredient towards a full solution of observed pulsar timing behaviour which is in search of a consistent modelling.