Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 485, 1067-1084 (2019/May-1)
Compositional differences between the component stars of eclipsing close binary systems showing chemical peculiarities.
TAKEDA Y., HAN I., KANG D.-I., LEE B.-C. and KIM K.-M.
Abstract (from CDS):
A spectroscopic study was carried out on the surface chemical abundances of CNO and several heavier elements in the primary and secondary components of five eclipsing close binaries around A type (AR Aur, β Aur, YZ Cas, WW Aur, and RR Lyn) in order to investigate the nature of chemical differences between both components (being comparatively slow rotators alike due to tidal synchronization). Regarding the systems comprising similar components, β Aur and WW Aur were confirmed to exhibit no compositional difference between the primary and secondary both showing almost the same Am anomaly, though the chemical peculiarities in the component stars of AR Aur show distinct differences (HgMn star and Am star). In contrast, as to the systems (YZ Cas and RR Lyn) consisting of considerably different (A and early F) components, the surface abundances are markedly different between the primary (Am) and secondary (normal). These observational results may indicate Teff-dependent characteristics regarding the chemical anomalies of non-magnetic stars on the upper main sequence: (1) In the effective temperature range of 10000 K ≳T_ eff_ ≳7000 K, rotational velocity is the most important factor for determining the extent of Am peculiarity. (2) However, the emergence of the Am phenomenon seems to have a lower Teff limit at ∼7000 K, below which no abundance anomaly is observed regardless of stellar rotation. (3) The transition from Am anomaly (mild deficiency in CNO) to HgMn anomaly (unusually large N depletion) is likely to take place as Teff increases from ∼10 000 K to ∼11 000 K.
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - binaries: eclipsing - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: early-type
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waiting for electronic table
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